There is a bidirectional relationship between coronary artery diseases and insomnia. While insomnia increases heart diseases, heart diseases also cause insomnia. Cardiology Specialist Prof. Dr. Murat Gençbay gave information about the effects of insomnia on heart health.
First of all, it is worth noting that sleep is not a passive act and it is a very important process in terms of health. The brain is very active during sleep. Many physiological processes take place. Therefore, we have to give importance to sleep. Unfortunately, today’s living conditions have become more stressful and this has brought sleep problems.
Sleep Comes First of the Heart’s Most Important Needs
prof. Dr. Murat Gencbay, ”Sleep problem in a period of life in society is about 50%, and permanent sleep problem is 10%. This high rate brings with it serious health problems. In a study covering 13,000 people in the 2017 European Journal of Cardiology, it was determined that those who slept less (less than 6 hours a day) had a 71% increased risk of developing coronary heart disease (occlusion in the heart vessels, heart attack) and a 45% increased probability of having a stroke. Similar rates were revealed in an analysis of approximately 500,000 people in 2011. Interestingly, similar increases are observed in long sleepers (more than 9 hours a day).
Insomnia Leads to Diabetes
prof. Dr. Gencbay, He stated that insomnia is associated with obesity, hypertension and diabetes and continued his words as follows: “The controversial point is whether sleeplessness causes heart attacks with an increase in these risk factors or a direct relationship. While some researchers argue that insomnia and coronary artery disease are independent of them, some researchers argue that this relationship is indirect. Leptin, the satiety hormone, is secreted during sleep. After insomnia, the leptin hormone remains at a low level and the ghrelin hormone increases. Ghrelin is the hunger hormone and interestingly, it increases the tendency towards unhealthy foods. This also leads to obesity. In addition, there is an increase in insulin resistance in those who suffer from insomnia. This can lead to sugar spikes and diabetes. Adrenergic hormones and cortisone levels increase after insomnia, which both lead to deterioration in sugar metabolism and increase blood pressure.
Expressing that sleep apnea is sleep apnea syndrome Dr. Gencbay , drew attention to the following issues: “Sleep apnea has a relationship with obesity. It is especially common in those with a short neck and a greatly increased circumference, and those with a backward lower jaw. The reason is the narrowing of the air passage area in the pharynx (the cause of snoring) and the complete blockage of this passage during sleep with the relaxation of the muscles (apnea, cessation of breathing). The patient’s brain wakes up due to lack of oxygen, muscle tension increases and breathing begins again. This event may recur during the night, sometimes even every 2-3 minutes. The brain cannot achieve healthy sleep and serious health problems arise due to it.
Tips for a Healthy Sleep
Stating that it is important not to eat, especially heavy meals, a few hours before going to bed. Dr. Gencbay , ” Alcohol impairs the quality of sleep, so it is recommended not to drink alcohol 6-8 hours before, and to stay away from drinks containing caffeine. Exercise should be avoided a few hours before going to bed. It has been found that morning and evening walks improve sleep quality. of the bedroom; it is important that it is cool, ventilated, quiet and dark. Using a blue light filter on computers and phones in the evening can also be beneficial. Blue light lowers melatonin levels and delays falling asleep.