Ingrown toenails are especially common in growing up and young people. The most common cause is improper nail care, such as very short nails and oval cuts. Thumb is also common. The oval cut of the corners causes the nail to grow towards the flesh. Apart from these, narrow and tight shoes are also the cause of ingrown nails.
Clinical Findings and Complaints
In the case of an ingrown nail, the corner of the nail may be hard, tender and swollen. Over time, as the inflammation develops, red color and temperature increase. If it turns into an abscess, discharge may occur and a painful condition may occur. This condition can sometimes be on both feet and on both nail edges.
As soon as ingrown toenails are seen, it can be treated at an early stage with simple precautions and home care without the need for surgery.
- Wet your feet 4-5 times with each hot water
- Feet should be dried after foot washing.
- Use wide and comfortable shoes
- Painkillers can be used if there is pain.
For 3-4 days, if the pain increases, infection develops and the condition worsens, consult an orthopedic doctor.
You can prevent the nail from growing into the flesh by gently lifting the edge of the nail and placing a cotton pad under the ingrown tip, provided that it is changed daily.
If the nail continues to ingrow despite all the above precautions, a surgical approach is planned.
Infection, discharge, excessive swelling and pain require surgical intervention. In this case, the nail is removed completely or partially. Your doctor can remove the growing and excess soft tissue, nail growth root, on the edge of the ingrown nail with a partial procedure.
With local anesthesia, the thumb is anesthetized and no pain is felt during the operation. It is dressed daily and is not soaked until your doctor allows it. In some cases, especially in cases of fungal infection, the nail can be removed completely. It takes 3-4 months for a nail to regrow.
Rarely, ingrown toenails can recur.
Prevention of Recurrence
- Wash your feet regularly and keep them dry.
- Do not wear tight and tight shoes and use socks when wearing shoes.
- Do not make V-shaped rescue cuts on the ingrown nail corner
- Pay attention to your nail cutting and grooming. Namely;