Infertility and Nutrition

Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive despite planned sexual intercourse for one year. However, at the end of this period, it is necessary to consult a doctor before making a definitive judgment.

In addition to physiological problems in men and women, psychological state, nutritional habits and physical activity level are factors that affect infertility. A balanced, nutritious diet and positive lifestyle changes can help increase fertility or support treatment.

Published articles emphasize the positive effects of a healthy body weight on fertility. Fertility rates of women who are overweight or underweight are generally lower than women with a healthy body mass index. This is because being on either end of the weight spectrum can cause irregular menstrual periods and inhibit ovulation. (Body mass index is considered healthy in the range of 20-25 kg/m2.)

As body weight increases, decreases in sperm quality and testosterone levels in men increase the risk of infertility. Likewise, hormone imbalances and increase in insulin-leptin cause anovulation in women.

Low body weight, on the other hand, increases the risk of infertility due to the insufficiency of nutrients such as folic acid, iron, zinc, selenium, omega-3, calcium and vitamin D. The missing vitamins and minerals must be replaced by blood analysis. Vitamin D is also linked to testosterone levels in healthy women; It can act as a regulator of androgen activity, thus having a positive effect on reproduction.

The right touches and choices in the diet will affect your hormone balance, metabolism and general health, so it becomes very important for fertility. In this process, it is very important to follow the ‘Mediterranean Diet’, to eat colorful, to prefer healthy fat alternatives rather than saturated-solid fats, and to avoid simple carbohydrate consumption. A diet rich in antioxidants, especially in colorful vegetables and fruits, helps protect eggs from damage and improve egg quality. In order not to take unnecessary hormones into the body, only seasonal vegetables and fruits should be preferred. Packaged products, sugary and carbonated drinks (canned fruit juices-cola-soda, etc.) should definitely be avoided.

Foods you can add to your diet:

dates, prunes, grapefruit, liver, tomatoes, legumes, asparagus, avocado, walnuts, eggs, pineapple, cinnamon, salmon, pomegranate.

One of the most important components in infertility treatment is your mental health, namely the stress factor. Once you’ve identified the best options for yourself, don’t let stress and anxiety get you down. Be with people who will make you happy, be in the places you love, and take time for yourself. It has also been shown in studies that practices such as meditation, yoga and aromatherapy give positive results in this regard.

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