Dental implants are artificial roots made from a variety of biocompatible materials.
Although it can be in different forms, implants resembling a screw are generally used today.
They are surgically placed in the jawbone under local anesthesia. Most of the time after the operation, it is not different from tooth extraction.
Unlike natural teeth, implants connect directly to the jawbone. The jawbone must accept and surround the implant. In order not to adversely affect this process, prostheses are placed on the implants after 4-6 weeks, depending on the type of implant applied. In this transition period, temporary prostheses can be worn for aesthetic purposes / chewing function.
Implants can be applied immediately after extraction, or they can be applied to tooth cavities that have been extracted long ago.
Even if there is not enough bone in the area where the implant will be placed, a suitable ground can be created by various methods.
Implant treatment can be applied to all individuals over the age of 18, who pay attention to oral hygiene, do not smoke excessively, do not have bone disease, and do not have an uncontrolled systemic disease. It cannot be performed in patients receiving treatments such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and long-term cortisone therapy.
The success rate in clinical studies that have been carried out to date and entered the literature is 95-100%.
The implant can be used for a lifetime if oral hygiene is observed.
- Implants can be made in the following cases:
1- In single tooth deficiencies where adjacent teeth are healthy
These patients have to sacrifice at least two adjacent teeth for the restoration of a single tooth. Placing a single implant not only saves neighboring teeth, but also leads to more aesthetic and functional results.
2- In the absence of more than one tooth
The complaints of these patients can be counted as the ugly appearance of the prosthesis attached by hooks, or the necessity of having their healthy teeth cut in order to make a bridge.
3- In cases where the retention of removable prostheses is insufficient
In these cases, 2 types of application can be preferred as mobile on implant / fixed on implant.
a) Patients who have completely lost their teeth in the lower jaw and carry prosthesis:
These patients move because the prosthesis cannot provide sufficient retention. As a result, they complain of constant pain (knocking) and not being able to chew well. In such patients, implant treatment not only eliminates all the above complaints, but also stops the bone from resolving.
b) Patients who have completely lost their teeth in the upper jaw and carry prosthesis:
Although upper prostheses are more stable than lower jaw prostheses, the design of the prosthesis that covers the palate may reduce the sense of taste and cause nausea. With the help of implants, this problem can be eliminated.
4- Replace old prostheses
Implants can be preferred instead of removable prostheses or unhygienic bridge prostheses.
- It protects all surrounding tissues in the missing tooth area in the closest way to nature;
Physiological bone resorption as a result of tooth loss or trauma causes a decrease in the level and volume of the jawbone. This situation prevents the prosthesis to be applied to fully fulfill its function. As a result, problems in chewing and speaking are inevitable. When implants are applied, such tissue losses are minimal as they mimic the roots.
- It is easy to use because it is stable
- Fixes removable dentures used in edentulous mouths
- Easy to apply
- Oral hygiene should be taken care of.
- Expensive compared to other treatments
With implant applications, you can get teeth closest to nature.