Identity confusion in adolescence and adolescence

Adolescence and Identity Confusion in Adolescence
Before Puberty
The child who enters the last childhood enters into an unstable, against the rule, rebellious attitude. At this age, which constitutes a transition period, some fundamental changes of physical and mental origin draw attention. The need for friends has increased compared to the first childhood stage, and games alone or in pairs have lost their importance. Relationships with friends teach the child to be a harmonious individual in social life, to learn to cooperate, at the same time to behave respectfully to himself and others, to protect his rights, to compete, to be a leader, to manage and to take responsibility. Another feature seen in addition to hypersensitivity in recent childhood is being easily influenced. Children in this period believe that their own desires are in line with other children. This makes it easier for them to be accepted into the group. Being easily affected, which may not be encountered in any period in the life process, is seen in the last childhood stage. (Yavuzer, 1999; Schenk and Danziger 1977)
In Western countries, the social circle of children between the ages of 6 and 12 expands a lot. They enjoy what they learn and apply. They learn to share their problems and achievements. They learn to tolerate loss. During this period, it is a process between childhood and adolescence, in which sexuality does not reach its peak in children, and it is called the sleep period. (Ziyalar, 2006)
The search for personal identity takes many paths during this period. According to Erikson, this quest focuses on learning skills that are useful for one’s productivity in a society. This process continues with the adoption of appropriate gender role behaviors. School becomes important in a child’s life. Because children spend most of their time there; they learn to interact with their teachers and peers, and how to use tools such as reading, writing, and math. These tools will help children develop what Erikson calls a feeling of hard work and productivity. Achievements in all these areas prepare children for puberty. (Gander and Gardiner, 1993; Erikson, 1984)
Puberty:
Youth is the period of development, spiritual maturation and preparation for life, which takes place between childhood and adulthood. The rapid growth that starts with adolescence ends with physical, sexual and spiritual maturity at the end of the youth period. According to the definition of the United Nations Organization, a young person is a person between the ages of 15-25, who is studying, does not work to earn a living and does not have a separate residence. Indeed, youth is a social, biological and spiritual concept. (Yörükoğlu, 1989; Crow and Crow, 1965)
Regardless of the society, the adolescent has feelings, attitudes and behaviors that are unique to his age. The main features of this age can be summarized as emotional enthusiasm and exuberance, relationships that are quickly established and broken, being easily influenced, standing out in the society, attracting attention, and striving to have a role. (Dusek, 1987; Muss, 1975; Köknel, 1973)
Yavuzer lists the leading issues and problems of adolescence as follows.

  • emotional maturity
  • Increasing interest in the opposite sex
  • General social maturity
  • desire for independence
  • mental maturity
  • The beginning of economic freedom
  • Desire to spend leisure time like adults

After a very long and balanced period of behavior, the child suddenly finds himself on the threshold of the “adolescence” period, which is an unstable and irregular period. Adolescence is not an attractive period, but it is a difficult period for a developing child to live in. This stage can be explained as “a period in which the effort to tell the youth is intense because we cannot tell anything to the youth”. Insecurity, which is one of the main characteristics of the adolescence period, can cause the adolescent to become an assertive, pretentious or shy individual. At this stage, the adolescent is also extremely sensitive to the judgments others will make of him. (Yavuzer, 1998; Pryor et al.1996)
According to Erikson, this period is the period of the adolescent’s search for identity and he tries to create an identity for himself by trying different ways and behaviors. There is an expectation from most cultures and scientists that adolescents can try different behaviors during this period. (Cloutier, 1997; Erikson, 1984)
Identity Confusion in Adolescence
Young people who get into identity confusion are those who cannot give themselves a certain direction and cannot take root in a place. Erikson describes the youth experiencing identity confusion as follows: He fails to approach people and establish close relationships, resulting in loneliness. Makes friends with unsuitable random people. Inability to work, not being able to devote oneself to a job, and difficulty in concentrating are evident. He avoids the competition and exhausts himself in jobs that do not match his abilities. Enters roles that family and society do not approve. It takes on a negative or negative identity.
Young people can take different paths to get rid of identity confusion. Violent activists and terrorists can be given as examples. (Yörükoğlu, 1989; Lotz et al. 1985; Erikson, 1984)
The socialization process contributes to young people being a harmonious member of society. If this process is successful, it will be ensured that young people gain the motivation and responsibility that will enable them to take part in the society. (Bortner, 1988; Dukes et al. 1997)

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.