I Have a Pacemaker, What Should I Consider?

Today, more heart patients are fitted with a pacemaker. The reasons for this are that pacemaker implantation techniques are easier, pacemakers are smaller and more powerful, and most importantly, many patients benefit from different batteries (shock devices, batteries used in the treatment of heart failure) except in cases where conventional batteries are required. Whatever it is worn for, basically the pacemaker consists of electronic circuits and a metal structure formed by the battery and cables called electrodes that connect this structure to the heart. There are some points that patients who carry a metal structure consisting of electronic circuits should pay attention to. First of all, it should be emphasized that pacemakers do not interact intensely with the surrounding magnetic structures, and people do not need to protect themselves much. It is useful to know that electromagnetic devices such as shopping malls or airport security gates, daily household appliances, mobile phones can be used safely. Especially new batteries are quite safe in this respect. It is useful to remind only some basic points. Passing through the security gates is mostly not a problem for the battery. However, standing in the middle of the security door and waiting in the middle of the security door is not recommended as it may suppress the battery function, especially in completely battery-dependent patients. Carrying a mobile phone or talking with a mobile phone is possible in patients with a battery. The point to be considered here is to carry the mobile phone preferably away from the battery and to use the opposite side while talking, not the side with the battery. Electromagnetic fields that patients should avoid are strong magnetic fields such as transformers, dynamos and large speaker magnets. However, being completely within or within centimeter of these areas can affect the battery. If the patient requires a surgical intervention, the doctor who will perform the intervention should be aware of the battery. The only thing that battery patients should stay away from is MR (Magnetic Resonance) imaging. The very strong electromagnetic field generated during MRI may disrupt battery functions and cause unwanted, tissue-damaging heating in batteries and cables. Therefore, patients carrying batteries or battery-type devices cannot undergo MRI. In recent years, an important development has been experienced with the emergence of MR compatible batteries. In some patients, especially if MR imaging is required due to other health problems, batteries suitable for MR imaging up to 1.5 Tesla have been produced. These batteries can be used under special conditions.

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