The structure of the jaw joint (Temporomandibular Joint) is a very complex structure in terms of anatomical and physiological aspects. The jaw joint is a joint that is located just in front of the ear and, unlike other joints, can rotate and slide at the same time. Since it is very close to the teeth area, discomfort in the joint can make you feel as if there is discomfort in the teeth, and discomfort in the teeth.
What are the symptoms of jaw joint disorder?
Joint pain : Pain in and around the joint is the most common symptom. It usually occurs when the jaw is opening and closing, but can also occur at rest.
Headache : Various degrees of headache can be seen in most joint patients. Tensions in the muscles are usually associated with long-term headaches and may cause pain in chewing, speaking, swallowing.
joint sound: Joint patients can often feel clicking and rustling sounds.
Difficulty opening and closing the jaw : As the jaw opens, the joint makes a forward and downward sliding motion. This movement is expected to be soft, painless and silent. However, if there is a problem in the joint and the disc is positioned ahead of normal, things like pain, shifting to one side when opening the mouth, or restriction in mouth opening may occur.
Difficulty chewing and biting : One of the main symptoms of jaw joint disease is pain when chewing and biting. In addition, it may be difficult to perform functions such as eating and chewing.
What are the causes of jaw joint diseases?
Bruxism Clenching and grinding usually occur during sleep, but for some people it can occur during the day. Bruxism is often associated with stress. Some drugs (especially major tranquilizers, alcohol and illegal drugs) can also cause bruxism.
Impaired closure of the teeth: Whether closure disorders cause jaw joint disorders has not been fully clarified, but it is thought to trigger it.
Traumas : Injury of the muscles that provide jaw and joint functions is one of the most important causes of jaw joint disorders. These injuries can occur in situations such as sports, violence, automobile accidents, biting hard food, and falls.
Stress : The stress created by the daily events we live plays a big role in the emergence of joint disease. A nervous person overuses their chewing muscles, which often causes muscle soreness. Another effect of this situation is that it causes headaches.
Arthritis : Some forms of arthritis that can develop in other joints can also develop in the jaw joint. The most common is osteoarthritis. As it can be seen with age, it can also develop as a result of an injury (impact) in the joint.
Long-term dental treatments : After dental treatments where your mouth is left open for a long time, pain and sensitivity may occur in your chewing muscles. This condition usually returns to normal within a day or two. If the pain persists, it is recommended to be evaluated for temporomandibular disease.