Hypertension in Pregnancy

Hypertension in pregnancy is considered a high-risk condition and requires close follow-up. If the necessary precautions are not taken by the pregnant woman and the specialist who follows the pregnancy, it may cause serious problems for the mother and the baby.

These problems;

  • Low birth weight of the baby or developmental delay in the baby
  • sudden infant death
  • The mother and baby are at serious risk due to the condition that occurs as a result of the premature separation of the placenta and the resulting bleeding.
  • The emergence of a serious picture called pregnancy toxemia (eclampsia), which is characterized by widespread edema, loss of consciousness and involuntary contractions of the mother
  • Premature birth, increased likelihood of cesarean delivery
  • We can summarize as the occurrence of serious complications such as cerebral hemorrhage, pulmonary edema, rupture of the liver in the mother.

For this, it is important to understand that blood pressure rises during pregnancy. Symptoms to watch out for during pregnancy are as follows:

  • Sudden swelling (edema), especially in the face and hands
  • Rapid weight gain (normally 1-1.5 kilos per month is ideal, 3-4 kilos or more weight gain)
  • Severe headache (especially near the neck)
  • Vision changes such as temporary loss of vision, blurred vision, flashes of light, increased sensitivity to light
  • Increasing upper abdominal pain, usually under the ribs, on the right side
  • Especially in the 4-5th week of pregnancy. nausea or vomiting that occurs after a month
  • Shortness of breath due to fluid in the lungs

Since some of these findings will occur only in normal pregnancy, it is important to have several of these findings together and to have high blood pressure (blood pressure) to be measured from time to time or when these findings occur, especially in the 20th week of pregnancy. In this case, it would be appropriate to consult a specialist doctor as soon as possible and be examined.

Patients with a family history of high blood pressure, who have experienced a similar situation in their previous pregnancy, who have weight problems (obesity), and who have twin pregnancies should be more careful. In order to reduce the risks in this regard, weight and blood pressure monitoring during pregnancy, eating an adequate and balanced diet, especially vegetables, meat, dairy products, legumes, which are rich in protein, low in carbohydrates, without salt, not being tired and sleepless, not smoking, stress control, doing exercises suitable for pregnancy, monthly In a risky situation, it is important to provide regular controls every 2 weeks according to the advice of the specialist.

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