Blood pressure is blood pressure. The pressure created by the blood pumped by the heart on the arterial wall creates the high blood pressure, and the pressure created during the resting of the heart reveals the low blood pressure. In normal condition, systolic blood pressure should be 120 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure should be 80 mm HG. People with systolic blood pressure between 120-140 and diastolic blood pressure between 80-90 are considered high blood pressure candidates, while those with systolic blood pressure above 140 and diastolic blood pressure above 90 are considered as high blood pressure patients.
High blood pressure is a very common disease in our country. This is due to excessive salt consumption. While 1 in 3 adults has high blood pressure, almost half of the patients are not aware of it.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms
Hypertension (high blood pressure) disease is an insidious disease. It may not show any symptoms most of the time. Even if the blood pressure is 200100, the patient may not realize it. However, we can count the following complaints as symptoms:
- Headache radiating from the neck to the forehead
- tinnitus and buzzing
- Nose bleeding
What Causes High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure means high blood pressure. Genetic factors have an important place in this, but life habits are also effective in the formation of hypertension, as in many diseases that we publish on our site. Sedentary life, obesity, stress and harmful habits trigger high blood pressure. One of the most important reasons is excessive salt consumption.
- Salt consumption: Our daily salt requirement is roughly 6 grams. We can easily take this measure in our daily diets without any additional contribution. The daily salt consumption in our country is around 18 grams.
- Genetic predisposition… If your first and second degree relatives have high blood pressure, your risk of developing this disease increases 5-6 times. Therefore, you and your family should have your blood pressure measured for high blood pressure.
- Kidney diseases… There is a vicious circle between kidney disease and high blood pressure disease. Both diseases trigger each other.
- Diabetes… The risk of developing high blood pressure in a patient with diabetes doubles.
- Sleep apnea (OSAS)… Sleep apnea raises blood pressure. When the sleep apnea problem of patients with both sleep apnea and high blood pressure is resolved, hypertension usually disappears.
- Thyroid diseases… The malfunctioning of the hormones secreted from the thyroid gland directly affects the blood pressure.
- Unhealthy diet… A diet rich in carbohydrates and excessive fat causes blood pressure to rise.
- Obesity… With weight gain, the heart has to pump more blood. Obesity, which creates a greater workload for the heart and vessels, raises blood pressure.
- Smoking… Although smoking increases blood pressure momentarily, it causes hardening and occlusion of the arteries in the long run. Hypertension may develop as a result.
High Blood Pressure Treatment
There are 3 methods in the treatment of high blood pressure.
- Treatment of causative diseases (cause-directed treatment),
- Living arrangements (salt diet, healthy eating, weight control, doing sports)
If you have a disease that causes hypertension, this disease should be treated first. Otherwise, the treatment is useless. After diseases such as thyroid disease, obesity, sleep apnea are eliminated, it is checked whether high blood pressure continues. If it persists, treatment should be initiated specifically for high blood pressure.
Living condition adjustments are the most important treatment for high blood pressure. Salt restriction comes first among these regulations. High blood pressure patients should consume salt in moderation. Not taking any salt at all is also harmful to health. Even patients on many drug treatments can discontinue the drugs when they comply with these rules.
Another method of treatment is the use of drugs. When these drugs are used regularly, blood pressure can be brought to ideal levels.