What is Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)? Pressure inside the vessel required for blood circulation
More than normal is called hypertension. Causes include genetic predisposition and
Excessive salt consumption is in the first place. However, patients
In 85%, the cause of high blood pressure is unknown.
In the long term, the pressure of the blood on the vessel walls causes damage to the inner surface of the vessel.
Occlusion, enlargement or rupture of the vessels feeding the organs due to high blood pressure
may occur. Hypertension can also cause organ failure by disrupting the blood flow to the organs.
why could it be. Damage to kidney, brain, heart and vascular system without symptoms for a long time
can give. It must be followed under the supervision of a specialist.
Hypertension Symptoms
Hypertension causes damage to the kidney, brain, cardiovascular system without any symptoms for years.
can give. For this reason, you should have your blood pressure measured at regular intervals.
Among the most prominent symptoms of hypertension;
.Headache, dizziness, shortness of breath, palpitations, chest pain, visual disturbance, weakness,
fatigue, nosebleeds, ringing in the ears, difficulty walking and climbing stairs, sometimes very
frequent urination, waking up at night to urinate and swelling in the legs may occur.
In case of very high blood pressure, throbbing headache, nausea, vomiting, visual disturbance, headache
sometimes kidney failure can be seen. These are emergencies and are safe from organ damage.
You should definitely go to the hospital for protection.
Double vision, lisp in the tongue, tingling in the face or body are also signs of hypertension.
it can make itself felt.
!A doctor should be consulted when one or more of the symptoms of hypertension are felt.
Causes of Hypertension
Causes of hypertension include high daily salt intake, stress, obesity, and family history of hypertension.
genetic factors such as having a history; diabetes, sedentary lifestyle, calcium,
Inadequate consumption of foods containing elements such as potassium and magnesium on a daily basis
We can sort. In addition, thyroid diseases, adrenal gland tumors, veins leading to the kidney
narrowing, aortic stenosis, genetic disorders also occur with factors triggering hypertension.
can come out. Birth control pills and some types of painkillers also increase blood pressure,
causes hypertension. Although the cause cannot be determined in the majority of patients,
high blood pressure should be controlled and the causes of hypertension should be well investigated and
blood pressure should be lowered to an ideal level.
How is Hypertension Diagnosed?
Diagnosis of hypertension with the examinations performed under the control of a specialist will determine the degree of your disease and the treatment.
also determines the processes. Hypertension with blood pressure above 140/90 mm Hg

It shows you can be. A detailed physical examination when diagnosing hypertension,
electrocardiogram, echocardiography, 24-hour blood pressure monitoring and laboratory tests are performed.
Not eating anything, being at rest, smoking and coffee within one hour before blood pressure measurement.
And you shouldn’t drink.
Hypertension Treatment
The aim in the treatment of hypertension is to lower the blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg. If the patient
lower blood pressure if you have diabetes, kidney failure and organ damage
is targeted.
Lifestyle changes are the basis of hypertension treatment. Regular exercise, weight control,
Limiting salt intake is very important. Early diagnosed and controlled hypertension
does not affect quality of life.
The drugs used today, while regulating blood pressure, protect the cardiovascular system and protect the kidneys.
It also prevents deterioration. In drug therapy, it is not only the control of blood pressure, but also
it is aimed to protect other organs as well.
.You should measure your blood pressure at least 3 times a day and keep in touch with your doctor.
You should continue to take blood pressure medication under the supervision of a doctor.
If you have diabetes, you should keep it under control.
You should stay away from oily and salty foods.
.You should get rid of your excess weight.
.You should not neglect your routine checks.
.You should exercise regularly

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