How White Are Teeth?

How White Are Teeth?

Teeth Whitening is the process of removing colored organic and inorganic substances formed in the porous enamel structure on the surface of the teeth with tooth whitening gels.

Why Teeth Whitening

In modern societies, people care about the appearance of their teeth, shape and color disorders in the teeth can cause psychological disorders in the person. With the development of aesthetic and restorative materials in dentistry, many color, shape and position disorders can be easily resolved. Whitening of discolored teeth ( bleach)Compared to other restorative methods, it is more economical, easy and effortless.

TEETH WHITENING

What is Bleaching and how is it done?

Whitening in the structure of teeth (in the enamel and dentin layer) It is the process of removing discoloration. There are two different whitening methods currently known. The first of these is a method that the patient can apply on his own, the stages are as follows:

  • Having the dentist take measurements from the mouth and prepare thin rubber molds that you can put on your teeth,
  • The patient places a medicine in a special mold prepared for him and puts this mold on the teeth to be whitened for at least 6 – 8 hours a day (preferably asleep),
  • Termination of treatment in an average of 1 – 4 weeks.

The second method is whitening performed by a physician in the clinic, which is applied as follows:

  • The bleaching drug is placed on the tooth by a physician experienced in this procedure.
  • A white light source is kept on the relevant tooth for a certain period of time.
  • When the process is finished, the result is immediately observed.

Although both methods are effective, the choice depends on the degree of discoloration, how quickly the treatment is desired to be terminated, and the opinion of the physician.

Why do unwanted stains occur on teeth?

There may be many reasons for this. The most common ones are; old age, substances that stain teeth (coffee, tea, cola, cigarettes, etc.) consumption, traumas, old prostheses, veneers, fillings. Consumption of antibiotics (tetracycline) or excessive fluoride used during the formation of teeth can also lead to discoloration of the teeth.

This may be due to the structure of the tooth, or due to the staining of dental factors, antibiotics or fluoride taken during the developmental period, old age, and a blow to the tooth.

Who can the Bleaching process be applied to?

Almost everyone! However, there are some situations where treatment may not be effective. Your dentist will determine whether the teeth are suitable for this procedure with a complete intraoral check and diagnosis. If your teeth are healthy, it is an ideal solution for a whiter and natural smile.

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Is the Bleaching (Teeth Whitening) process difficult and troublesome?

No! Thanks to advances in oral health technology, your teeth can be whitened safely and effectively in a very short time.

Is it safe?

Yeah! According to studies, teeth whitening is extremely effective and safe if done under the supervision of your dentist. Teeth and gums are not damaged in any way.

How long is the application period?

Generally, whitening starts in the first application. However, to achieve the ideal image, the application should continue for 10 – 14 days.

Will teeth go back to normal after whitening?

Teeth will always be whiter than before. However, depending on the habits and oral care of the patients, reinforcement treatment may be required once or twice a year.

In summary, what is important for this treatment to be successful?

  • Brand and content of the drug used
  • Being under the treatment of a physician experienced in this field
  • How to use the drug and duration of treatment

What will I have to endure during treatment?

If you smoke, do not smoke while the tire is in your mouth. (applicable to home bleaching).Slight cold-hot sensitivity that will disappear with the end of the treatment.

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Bleaching (Teeth Whitening) Methods

Teeth whitening (bleaching)The methods are grouped into three main groups:

  • Chemical Bleaching (Teeth whitening)
  • Photothermal Bleaching (Teeth whitening)
  • Photochemical Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)

Chemical Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)

In this technique, tooth whitening gel is applied to the teeth with the help of specially made tooth molds. However, it should be noted that chemical teeth whitening technique may have some negative effect on tooth enamel. These chemicals, which can also be sold among various cosmetic products, must be used under the supervision of a dentist.

Photothermal Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)

In this method, a certain amount of special gel is also used. However, unlike the previous method, it is applied with the help of a special high-energy beam. The light source is a series LED or diode-laser. Again, this method should be done under the supervision of a dentist, as there may be possible negative effects.

Photochemical Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)

In this teeth whitening method, the whitening gel is treated with a UV-lamp. (blue light)or a KTPlaser (green light) activated using The feature that distinguishes this method from others is that the light source used also has a tooth whitening effect. (photooxidation) . This application provides a deeper whitening on the teeth. UV-Lightsurrounding tissues (lips, gums, tongue, etc.)should be well protected against possible burn injuries. KTPThere is no risk of burns when using the laser, but the gums must be protected against leaks of the whitening gel. (gingival block). KTP A great advantage of whitening with laser is; As a result of extensive scientific research, side effects on tooth enamel have not been observed. Fluoride application after teeth whitening strengthens tooth enamel and prevents decay.

What is a laser and how is it obtained?

Lasers are devices that produce monochromatic, flat, intense, single-phase monochromic light. It can be colorless as well as colored. Visibility is related to wavelength. This wavelength and power determine its use in medicine.

With the help of the laser, electromagnetic waves are strengthened and aligned. Thus, a high-energy light beam with a cutting and burning effect is obtained in the area to be treated.

The usage areas of lasers vary according to the wavelengths they have.

At different wavelengths, all tissues have different absorption rates. Therefore, the choice of laser depends on the process to be performed. For example, KTPThe laser has a wavelength of 532nm. KTPSince the laser beam can be highly absorbed by hemoglobin and oxyhemoglobin, it is very suitable for small and delicate surgical procedures.

Working principle of laser:

The energy obtained by giving light from the outside, passing an electric current or by a chemical means reaches the atoms in the environment. Some of these absorb this energy. Excess energy makes atoms unstable. An excited and unstable atom that hits itself with a photon gives off excess energy by emitting a photon. Photons likewise allow other photons to be emitted. Photons in the environment increase with excitations. When almost all of the atoms start to emit photons, a stronger beam is formed. This is the laser beam. Since laser beams are of high frequency, they have sunray properties. However, laser beams are single-frequency.

How long do whitened teeth stay white?

Different teeth whitening (bleaching) Teeth whitened with whitening methods stay white for a few years. But this time varies from person to person. Eating and drinking habits, smoking and brushing habits affect the whiteness of the teeth.

It should be noted that bleaching may not always provide the whiteness you want. The whitening rate depends on the tone of your teeth before the whitening process and varies from person to person. Therefore, you should discuss your expectations with your dentist in advance.

Teeth Whitening or teeth bleaching, although a widely practiced procedure in general dentistry, is actually the field of Aesthetic/Cosmetic Dentistry. Many people find a smile made with white teeth very attractive. Generally, milk teeth are whiter than adult teeth. As a person ages, the color of their teeth also gets darker over time. This darkening is due to the change in the mineral structure of tooth enamel. Teeth can also be exposed to discoloration from bacterial pigments and tobacco use.

Since white teeth are associated with youth, they are highly desired by people who want to be aesthetically pleasing. However, we should point out that an exaggerated whiteness may not be aesthetic in most cases. The natural tone that suits your face and mouth structure will always be more aesthetic.

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