How to Protect Heart Health in Cold Weather?

How to Protect Heart Health in Cold Weather?
How does cold weather affect heart and high blood pressure patients? Is influenza and pneumonia vaccine recommended for those with respiratory diseases such as heart, cerebrovascular or COPD? How can heart patients exercise in winter? What kind of complaints occur when the patient is forced? In which symptoms should the patient consult a doctor or emergency? Are the symptoms of heart disease different in women? Can every man with heart disease go to a game in a cold and snowy weather? Does this depend on the degree of heart disease a person has?

IDEAL TEMPERATURE FOR HEART PATIENT IS BETWEEN 16-27 DEGREES”

How does cold weather affect heart and high blood pressure patients?
“Especially in weather below 10 degrees, blood pressure, pulse rate and workload of the heart increase. In addition, it has a negative effect on blood clotting factors. Dysfunction of platelets in the blood is very related to heart attacks. Therefore, in cold weather, the risk of cerebrovascular diseases increases as well as cardiovascular diseases. According to research, the most heart attacks occur in January, the least in October. The ideal temperature for most heart patients is between 16 and 27 degrees. Patients with chronic heart disease should also not stay in extreme cold for a long time. These patients may have more chest pain; heart attack may occur earlier than in warm weather. In addition, if there is heart failure, it is very important to fight infections in cold weather. Because infections cause death in 40% of heart patients. Heart patients should be very careful against infections such as upper respiratory tract infections, pneumonia and flu.

IS THE FLU AND Pneumonia VACCINE RECOMMENDED?
Is influenza and pneumonia vaccine recommended for those with respiratory diseases such as heart, cerebrovascular or COPD?
”The American Heart Association strongly recommends that the group with chronic diseases should be vaccinated especially against pneumonia and flu. Those with heart failure and cardiovascular disease should be vaccinated against pneumonia and flu. In this regard, it falls into the very risky group, especially over the age of 65. It is recommended that the pneumonia vaccine be administered twice, with an interval of five years. It can be done with the flu vaccine towards autumn. The pneumonia vaccine is protective against most pneumonia bacteria. The flu vaccine, on the other hand, needs to be renewed every year due to the genetic structure of the bacterium. These vaccines are factors that reduce hospitalization and exacerbation of heart disease.

How can heart patients exercise in winter?
“Because of the risk of infection, it is inconvenient for heart patients to exercise outdoors. It is recommended that they exercise mostly in indoor gyms. If it is desired to do it outdoors, the time should be kept short and sudden starts should not be made. Because cold weather already increases the workload of the heart, and the heart is loaded with sudden sports. This can activate the current state of the disease. It is also not recommended to lift weights in cold weather. It is necessary not to increase the load of the heart, which is already in a fine balance.

WITH WHICH SYMPTOMS SHOULD I APPLY TO THE DOCTOR?
What kind of complaints occur when the patient is forced? In which symptoms should the patient consult a doctor or emergency?
“Since these are chronic diseases, patients may have shortness of breath after a certain ongoing effort or a sudden pain in their chest. Not every chest pain needs a doctor’s visit. It is important to have unusual chest pain and shortness of breath. For example, if the patient, who previously went up three floors, gets tired on the first floor, this is a signal. Or if the chest pain started to occur when walking from 150 meters to 50 meters, this is also a signal. Fainting, dizziness, hypotension are other symptoms to be considered. When patients listen to themselves a little, they may realize something that is not normal. In such cases, they should immediately consult a doctor. Sometimes patients come with digestive system complaints. For example, there are patients who come to the emergency services with stomach pain, have stomach pain tests for hours, and then encounter signs of lower heart wall infarction. Since the lungs, digestive system, esophagus, stomach and heart are side by side, their findings are also confused with each other.

Are the symptoms of heart disease different in women?
”Female patients do not have the typical shortness of breath or chest pain; even when they have a simple shortness of breath, they can come to the doctor. Due to their structure, they can notice the finding early because their senses are stronger. It is true that women are more sensitive than men. Therefore, women apply to the doctor earlier.

IT SHOULD NOT STOP MORE THAN 30 MINUTES IN EXCESSIVE COLD
Can every man with heart disease go to a game in a cold and snowy weather? Does this depend on the degree of heart disease a person has?
“In extreme cold, in cases where the person is obviously cold and the hand and foot sensations have disappeared, one should not stay outside for more than 30-40 minutes, if possible. In cold weather, vital organs work harder due to the heat lost. The load on the heart increases. Alcohol consumption is also important, especially in cold weather. Alcohol expands the arm and leg veins and increases heat loss. Alcohol also increases the heart load, as it masks the findings. Therefore, it is very harmful for the heart to drink alcohol and stay in the cold for a long time in entertaining situations such as matches. If you stay outside for a long time, it is recommended to wear several layers of clothing instead of wearing one piece of thick clothing. Thus, the air flow in between protects the heat insulation. Especially the chest wall, where vital organs are located, should be better protected. With cold weather, chest pain can occur and start a heart attack. In addition, many heart patients play football matches in cold weather. This is also very dangerous.”

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