How to Fix the Problem of Speech Speech (Pronunciation Disorders) in Children?

One of the most common language and speech disorders in children is a speech disorder, known as the inability to pronounce letters or letters (for example, a bear instead of a dog bee). We see that it can continue into adulthood when not treated. Most of us have come across individuals around us who cannot say the “/r/” or “/s/-/z/” sounds (although they are adults). We must have heard phrases such as “he speaks a little lisp”. Moreover, we have witnessed that many well-known and well-known people cannot sing certain voices, we watch with admiration, but we feel that they are very sympathetic.

Let alone noticing how this speech disorder, which extends into adulthood, affects a person’s life, we especially like children. We have heard many times about their cute aunts and concerned uncles who say to the parents, “but this is her mother, who speaks very sweetly”. Because a child who says a dog instead of a dog, a bear instead of a bee, and tongs instead of a table gives a lot of material for entertainment. Because when even a single letter causes confusion, funny situations can arise. No, my son, it’s not a bear, it’s a bee!!!

So, what are these pronunciation disorders?

Pronunciation is the ability to pronounce the speech sounds of a particular language correctly, performed by the regular and sequential movements of the organs we use while speaking. The organs we use while speaking; They are the organs that enable us to produce speech sounds such as the soft palate, uvula, tongue, teeth, lips and jaw in the oral cavity. Sounds are produced as a result of these organs completing the correct movements together, taking the correct position of the structures, opening or closing the vocal tract in different ways. Some of these sounds are vowels and some are consonants. For example, we must close our lips in order to say the /m/ sound. Try if you want, but you will not succeed. At this point, we will explain better what a speech disorder is. Pronunciation problems are the inability to produce certain sounds as a result of a person’s incorrect production of certain sounds or some structural obstacles. For example, children born with a cleft palate and lip are very common in pronunciation problems.

Regardless of any reason, it can be seen as a result of wrong learning, or it can be caused by structural problems. If we summarize the reasons that may cause pronounciation problem as follows; Among the main causes are cleft lip-palate and mouth-facial anomalies, orthodontic anomalies, hearing loss, mental disability, neurological disorders (cerebral palsy and other).

Well, how long can the situation of not being able to say the sounds that we think very cute in children correctly be tolerated? The sounds that the child can vocalize according to their age are listed. The most important factor here is age. While it is normal for a 3-year-old child to not be able to say the sound “/r/”, which is acquired late, the inability to say the sounds /p/ , /b/ , /m/ that are acquired early and included in the first words such as father, 7-year-old mama suggests a delay.

Pronunciation disorder is not only the inability to say letters, but also different types of errors are included in the pronunciation disorders. For example; such as using another sound instead of a car (a car instead of a car), adding a sound (a train instead of a train), a sound skipping (a dog instead of a dog), distortion (a clock instead of a clock).

Among speech and language disorders, speech disorders are one of the most successful therapies among speech and language therapists. If your child’s decision to start therapy is; It varies according to age, other developmental characteristics, type and persistence of pronunciation errors. In the therapy process, the target voice is usually modeled. Your new voice; The position is taught with auditory, visual and tactile cues, the target behavior related to the letter/sound that cannot be said is noticed and reinforced with repetition exercises. This new sound learned is transferred to daily life.

While phonological trials (sound addition, sound skipping, distortion) made by the child to find the right sound by imitating adult speech until the age of 3 are considered normal, it is expected to gradually decrease and disappear when he reaches the age of 4 years. Otherwise, what should we as parents do? If he says “tope” instead of dog; It should be a model by repeating the right word, and the wrong productions of the child while trying to find the right sound should not be reinforced by being sympathetic.

How does this problem, which starts from childhood and extends into adulthood, affect a person’s life? This problem experienced by the child in the developmental process not only affects his sense of self, but also causes him to become a laughing stock in his social environment, and even negatively affects his literacy success in the school age period. If it continues in adulthood, sometimes we may encounter negative effects of the person’s business life, private life, sometimes self-confidence, and sometimes the psychology of the person. With a very natural right; A limp individual may want to choose a career as a speaker, teacher, or speech-based.

In the light of all this information; It is not correct to expect the speech disorders of school-age children (which is correct to apply to therapy before) resolve spontaneously. Evaluation from a speech and language therapist should be requested.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *