How to Eat During Pregnancy?

A healthy, adequate and balanced diet of the pregnant woman plays an important role in the healthy development of the baby. In order for the baby to complete its physical and mental development, the expectant mother should take from all food groups from a diet program prepared by an experienced dietitian that will meet the needs of the pregnant woman and the baby in the most correct way.

During pregnancy, the growth and development of the baby takes place when the nutrients that the pregnant woman receives daily are transferred to the fetus via the placenta.

Weight Gain During Pregnancy

Weight gain in a healthy pregnancy ranges from 7 to 12 kilograms on average. During the first trimester of pregnancy, 1-2 pounds is considered normal. In the second trimester, as the baby’s development accelerates, there is an increase of about 3-4 kilograms. In the last trimester, expectant mothers can gain 2-3 kilos more.

When it comes to weight gain of more than 15 kilograms, serious discomfort may occur in both the baby and the mother. Gestational diabetes (Gebelil Diabetes) and high blood pressure may occur in the expectant mother. It can result in premature birth and miscarriages before the baby is adequately developed. In addition, normal or cesarean delivery of the expectant mother may be difficult due to the enlargement of the baby.

How the Nutrition Program Should Be During Pregnancy

The nutrition program, which is prepared according to the age, height, pregnancy weight, weight and eating habits of the expectant mother, is very important in terms of providing weight control during pregnancy. Approximately 12-15% of the daily energy is provided from proteins, 25-30% from fats and 55-60% from complex carbohydrates. The process is completed by gaining or maintaining weight if the mother needs it, or by losing a certain amount of weight if she is overweight.

The consumption of sugar, called simple carbohydrates, should be reduced to zero. Nutrition during pregnancy should be individualized. The nutritional status of the expectant mother and the diseases, if any, should be determined. It should be directed to natural and organic foods without changing the taste of the expectant mother.

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