How should the patient with chronic pain be intervened?

Pain is a condition caused by physical and psychological factors. The occurrence of pain and the person’s perception of this situation are due to the effect of neurological, biochemical and emotional reactions. There is no objective method for measuring pain. When looking at acute pain and chronic pain situations, there are effective differences in different aspects. The doctor who will treat your pain should also review the psycho-social differences to distinguish between acute pain and chronic pain when treating them. Chronic pain can be confused with acute soft tissue injury.

Chronic Pain Treatment

While evaluating the patient’s treatment, it is important to identify the issues that may cause chronic pain. During treatment, it is important to restore physical and psycho-social function along with the elimination of the target pain. Chronic pain, the diagnosis of impaired function is not a pathological diagnosis, but rather a diagnosis of impaired function. Pain may begin with specific tissue damage, but the observable pain behaviors and associated disability are greater than would be expected from the degree of physical impairment. The transition from acute pain to chronic pain has been an important area of ​​study, with physicians trying to determine how.

Situations on the same scale may be mild to some people, while others may cause more severe pain. The answer to this issue is still under investigation.

The transformation of acute pain into chronic pain is also related to the occupational, social structure and psychological conditions of the person. Emotional factors are also very important. These emotional factors are conditions such as depression and anxiety.

Cognitive and behavioral factors are also thought to play a key role in the development of the pain state. These are passive coping style, excessive exaggeration, catastrophizing, and fear-avoidance beliefs.

Treatment requires dealing with stress and learning relaxation methods. Negative situations in social life can negatively affect the treatment.

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