How Can We Reduce the Risk of Breast Cancer?

As we mentioned in breast cancer risk factors, we cannot change some of the factors that increase the risk of breast cancer, such as being a woman, getting older, etc., but we can get medical counseling for these risk factors that we cannot change. We can strive for risk actors that we can change.

WHAT WOMEN IN NORMAL RISK GROUP SHOULD DO

Not gaining weight, not getting fat: Especially after the menopause, excess weight gain increases the risk of cancer, especially the adipose tissue collected around the waist increases the risk, because adipose tissue is the main source of estrogen in menopausal women. Estrogen is one of the hormones that increase the risk of breast cancer. The ideal is to keep the Body Mass Index below 27.

Physical activity: Many studies have shown that moderate or intense physical activity reduces the risk of breast cancer. The important thing is that the exercises are regular and divided into days of the week. A total of 150-300 minutes of moderate intensity or 75-150 minutes of intense sports are recommended per week, ideally 300 minutes.

  • moderate activity : It is the increase in our breathing and heart rate as in a brisk walk. It could be the fast walking itself.

  • intense activity: An activity that causes a faster heart rate, breathing, and sweating than in brisk walking.

Avoiding alcohol or limiting the amount of alcohol:More than one alcoholic beverage per day increases the risk of breast cancer.

By an alcoholic beverage is meant: 360 ml of beer, 150 ml of wine, 40 ml (40% alcohol content) of liquor.

Healthy eating: Eating foods with fiber and vitamins and minerals such as fruits and vegetables is good for the general health of the body, provided that it contains pesticides and is fresh. Processed food (packaged foods and foods containing additives), fabricated meat and meat products, milk and dairy products containing hormones are foods that should be avoided.

Giving birth and breastfeeding: Giving birth before the age of 30 reduces the risk of breast cancer. There is no difference between a woman who has never given birth and a woman who has given birth after the age of 35. The breast tissue completes its development by giving birth and breastfeeding, that is, after producing milk. Breast tissue that has not completed its development is also sensitive to external factors, giving birth after being exposed to internal and external factors until the age of 35 does not reverse the event. It is recommended that the breastfeeding period be 4-6 months.

Not taking hormone replacement therapy:Hormonal changes in menopausal women have many negative effects:

  • cardiovascular diseases due to atherosclerosis

  • osteoporosis

  • Genitourinary atrophy

  • Alzheimer’s and dementia susceptibility

  • psychological breakdown

  • Tendency to hypothyroidism

  • Loss of metabolism, weight gain

For all these reasons, hormone replacement therapy protocols were used for a long time, but the hormones used here were very different from the hormones produced in our body. It has been observed that these hormone replacement therapies significantly increase the risk of breast cancer.

Recently, it has been stated that hormone replacement therapies with hormones that are equivalent to the hormones in our body (bioidentical) are safer. It is necessary to calculate profit and loss while performing these treatments, it is inconvenient to apply it to patients in the high risk group.

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