Tooth enamel is the strongest tissue in our body. This outer layer on our teeth helps protect our teeth from daily wear and tear caused by extremely hot or cold food and drink. In addition, tooth enamel acts as a protective shield against acids and chemicals that damage teeth.

When the enamel layer begins to wear away, your teeth are vulnerable to cavities. You start to react more to hot or cold foods and drinks. Because at this point, the components in the food are transmitted to your nerves through the gaps in your tooth enamel. With some simple habits, you can prevent your tooth enamel from deteriorating and maintain its pearly whiteness. But first, let’s examine the causes that cause erosion.


We can list the following as responsible for the erosion in the outer layer of your teeth:

Excessive consumption of sugar: When you do not brush your teeth regularly, the bacteria accumulated in the mouth feed on sugar and produce acids that damage tooth enamel.

Too sour foods: They have too much acid in them, and they damage the tooth enamel.

Dry mouth: Saliva cleans the bacterial acids and remaining food residues accumulated in your mouth, normalizes your pH level and prevents tooth decay. Alcoholism or excessive alcohol intake can also cause dry mouth, causing serious damage to tooth enamel.

Reflux disease: Gastroesophageal reflux disease damages your tooth enamel by transporting stomach acids into your oral cavity.

Bulimia (vomiting food): People with this disease often vomit. Due to the frequent contact of stomach acid with the teeth, enamel problems are common in these patients.

Medicines and supplements that contain a lot of acid, such as aspirin and vitamin C, also damage tooth enamel.

In addition, brushing or grinding the teeth too hard can be given as an example of these reasons.


A feeling of pain occurs when you consume hot, cold or sweet food or drink.

Your teeth become brittle.

A soft and shiny texture is formed on your teeth.

Yellowing occurs in the teeth.

There are cavities on your teeth that show where you have bitten and chewed.


You can have a healthier mouth with regular dental care and some precautions you will take with your dentist. To have healthier teeth and a healthy mouth:

Do not consume too much acidic foods and drinks such as cola and fruit juice. If you are consuming an acidic beverage, do so at mealtimes. Thus, you will make the work of your tooth enamel easier.

Rinse your mouth with water immediately after consuming an acidic food. Consider using a straw to prevent harmful substances from these foods from sticking to your teeth. While consuming these drinks, be careful not to rinse them in the mouth. You can also complete your meal with a glass of milk or a piece of cheese to get rid of these acids.

You can chew sugarless gum containing xylitol (xylitol). Xylitol helps reduce the amount of acid in your mouth. Also, chewing gum helps you secrete more saliva (which gives strength to your teeth with key minerals).

Drink plenty of water during the day for dry mouth.

Use a soft toothbrush and try not to brush your teeth too hard.

Wait at least 1 hour before brushing your teeth after consuming acidic food or drink. Because the acid in these foods softens your tooth enamel and makes it more vulnerable.

Use mouthwash and choose toothpastes that contain fluoride.

If you have ailments such as bulimia, alcohol abuse and heartburn, be sure to seek treatment for them.

Finally, don’t forget to get support from your dentist about which products can protect your teeth and not increase your tooth sensitivity.

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