How Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases Transmitted?

  • Sexual intercourse; is the main mode of transmission. Kissing when the integrity of the skin and mucous membranes is damaged, wounds in the mouth, anal and oral intercourse facilitate transmission.

  • Transition from mother to baby

  • In pregnancy: HIV/AIDS, hepatitis BC and syphilis

  • At birth: Gonorrhea, chlamydia, genital herpes

  • Postpartum (with breastfeeding): HIV/AIDS

  • Unchecked blood or blood products (Syphilis, HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis BC)

  • Direct contact with blood and its products, blood transfusion

  • Non-sterile ear piercing, tattoo, circumcision, manicure-pedicure instruments

  • Commonly used toothbrush, razor and razor blade, injector

  • Treatments with non-sterile medical instruments

  • Intravenous drug use

The Importance of Sexually Transmitted Infections

  • Anyone who engages in sexual activity and has unprotected sex is at risk for sexually transmitted infections

  • In sexually transmitted infections, often the absence of symptoms or the presence of mild symptoms that do not bother the person is important in the spread of the disease. For this reason, the disease can spread silently and rapidly in the society and affect a large mass of people.

The Importance of Sexually Transmitted Infections

If not treated;

  • infertility in men or women

  • Miscarriage, Ectopic Pregnancy

  • Some infections, disabilities and death in newborn babies

  • cervical cancer

  • Social Problems (such as divorce, economic burden) may arise.

  • 1/3 of those who have sexually transmitted infections are under the age of 25.

  • Because of the tendency of those who are caught to hide this situation, the disease can reach more serious dimensions and can be transmitted to others.

  • An infected individual is also more likely to contract other sexually transmitted diseases.

General Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Burning when urinating, pain, frequent urination

  • On the penis (male genitalia), vulvo-vaginal, rectal or oral sores, warts and bullae can be seen.

  • Foul-smelling discharge from the penis, vagina and rectum, itching

  • Commonly used toothbrush, razor and razor blade, injector

  • Treatments with non-sterile medical instruments

  • Intravenous drug use

Protection from Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Risk assessment in sexual intercourse;

  • Risk-free behaviors for STIs; hugging, stroking, massage, masturbation and genital touching

  • Behaviors at moderate or very high risk for STIs; sexual intercourse, improper use or piercing of a condom

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