In these days, when the effects of the winter season started to show, with the decrease in air temperature, cold drinks, which were preferred during the summer months, started to leave their place to hot drinks. Herbal teas such as rosehip, linden, sage, ginger, fennel, pomegranate, echinacea, thyme have positive effects against common winter diseases, and are seen as good sources of fluid to meet daily fluid needs. Blackberry, apple, lemon, strawberry flavored fruit teas are also very delicious.
On the other hand, caffeinated beverages are not a good source of fluids due to the diuretic effect of caffeine; The views that tea, coffee and carbonated beverages do not replace water as they have diuretic effects are now history. As long as 250 – 300 mg or more of caffeine is not taken at once, it has not been found that it does not show any effects that increase urine output. This is equivalent to 5 – 8 cups of tea and 3 – 5 cups of coffee.
Tea: Tea is the most consumed beverage in the world after water. It helps to reduce chronic disease risk factors by showing antioxidant activity with the polyphenols and flavonoids it contains. It is involved in the work of the nervous and muscular systems with its potassium content. Recent studies show that it helps prevent short-term neurological disorders thanks to the epicatechin it contains, while the content of epigallocatechin3gallate accelerates metabolism and can help control weight. However, it should be kept in mind that if it is consumed excessively and in a steep way, it may adversely affect iron absorption.
While it is being prepared, a little lime water is put into the teapot and boiled. Tea with boiling water added in a teapot is added to it. Depending on the quality of the tea used, 2 – 4 tea glasses of tea can be made from a single teaspoon of tea. The fire is turned down and left to infuse as long as desired. After the tea is brewed, it is filtered and put into glasses or cups, and if desired, boiling water is added to it. It is served with sugar, sliced lemon, and in some societies even with milk or cream.
Coffee: Caffeine and flavoring aromatic essences and caffeine give coffee its specialty. The stimulating effect of coffee is due to the caffeine it contains. Caffeol creates the special flavor of coffee. Since these elements dissolve in water, they pass into the water in coffee making. If it comes into contact with air for a long time after being drawn, these substances begin to disappear and the flavor decreases. For this reason, ground coffee should be packaged and stored in such a way that its contact with air is cut off.
For a cup of coffee, a teaspoon of coffee is put in the coffee pot, sugar-free or the desired amount of sugar is added, and water is added so that there is no lip in the cup. It is heated until it rises, but it is not boiled because it is desired to be foamy on the top.
Although tea and coffee have positive effects in increasing concentration and diarrhea, they can increase heart palpitations, anemia or ulcer pain in some people. The individual should adjust the amount of drink by recognizing his own situation. Caffeine has a stimulating effect on the central nervous system. Some people only drink coffee to stay awake and prevent fatigue. Consuming caffeinated beverages can be a habit, not an addiction. The effects of excessive caffeine intake differ from person to person. Caffeine sensitivity depends on many factors. These; caffeine intake frequency and amount, body weight, physical condition and level of irritability. Caffeine tolerance develops over a long period of time. In healthy adults, 200 – 300 mg of caffeine per day does not pose a physical problem.
Instant Coffee: Apart from Turkish coffee, another option that is included in the eating habits is instant coffee varieties. It offers ease of preparation and different tastes in disposable bags, whether plain or with milk powder and sugar added. However, caffeine causes very little calcium loss through urine and feces. In order to eliminate this small but negative effect, it will be healthier to consume coffee in the form of latte or cappuccino, which is mostly made from milk. In order to make it foamy, low-fat or skim milk can be preferred instead of full-fat milk. Like tea, coffee has no energy value unless milk, sugar or cream is added to it.
Cocoa: While preparing cocoa as a beverage, a teaspoon of cocoa for one large cup is boiled with a little water in order to prevent the cocoa from separating from the mixture. Add the desired amount of sugar and a cup of milk and boil again. It is served while hot. Cocoa, which is one of the good alternatives to drink to stay awake, is also very tasty.
The main ingredient of some medicines is plants. For this reason, some herbal teas may be effective in some treatments or have the opposite effect. Therefore, a person undergoing treatment should be careful about using herbal teas without consulting his doctor.
Echinacea: It is recommended for strengthening the immune system, treating colds, flu, flu, sore throat, upper respiratory tract and urinary tract infections.
Linden: Linden, which contains soothing, diuretic, circulatory-regulating, chest-softening and expectorant properties, also shows beneficial effects for the stomach.
Rosehip: Rosehip, which contains high levels of vitamin C, has protective effects against common winter diseases, cleans the blood, softens the intestines, and is good for stomach cramps.
Sage: Its active ingredient is essential oil called salvion and flavonoids. However, this essence in its composition can be toxic if taken in high doses. On the other hand, it helps to meet the fluid requirement and has relaxing effects during menstrual periods in women.