- What is dysphonia (hoarseness)?
Dysphonia is when our voice differs from normal in terms of quality, loudness, and perception of thickness/thinness. Although this situation often appears as a coarse, hoarse and/or breathy voice, a thin male voice or a deep female voice is also included in this disease group. The normal human voice is expected to have a gender and age-appropriate tone, appropriate volume, and smoothness. Sound that does not meet these expectations is considered dysphonic.
- What are the causes of hoarseness?
Hoarseness, which can be caused by a wide range of diseases, basically causes 2 main problems. There may be an organic lesion that is located primarily on our vocal cords or disrupts its structural integrity. As an example of this situation that we often encounter, flexor infections, nodules, polyps, clefts, benign or malignant other lesions can be given. Every person’s voice can be hoarse from time to time, especially following an upper respiratory tract infection. However, it should not be forgotten that hoarseness over 3 weeks is not normal and there may be a bad disease under it. In this case, a must be done to have the vocal cords examined. ENT physician should be consulted. Secondly, our voice may be different or hoarse than normal, even though there is no lesion in our vocal cords. This may be related to age-related changes, as well as not using our voice in the appropriate tone or using it badly and incorrectly. An example of this is the muting we experience during times of stress and distress.
- How is hoarseness evaluated?
Hoarseness is a condition that should not be neglected and ignored. Because the hoarseness in question may be due to laryngeal cancer. Therefore, it is imperative that a person with experience ENT The patient should be evaluated in detail by the physician. This review is classic ENT Beyond the examination, it should definitely include detailed imaging of our larynx with endoscopic systems. This procedure is not a gastroenterological endoscopic evaluation known as tube swallowing. It is a painless and painless procedure performed in a few minutes with the help of much shorter tipped and bendable endoscopes that are advanced through the nose or mouth. However, it gives us very valuable information and must be done. However, computerized sound analysis should be done. Extra imaging methods may be requested in required cases.
- What is the treatment of hoarseness?
Treatment methods vary depending on the problem that causes hoarseness.
However, there are 3 basic treatment alternatives.
First: is drug therapy. It is possible to get results with drug treatment in hoarseness due to infection or reflux.
Second method :It is a voice therapy, which enables us to obtain effective and satisfactory results in many pathologies that cause hoarseness, or contributes to the increase of the effectiveness of surgical treatments.
Our third and basic treatment method is surgical applications. Depending on the cause of hoarseness, it is possible to eliminate hoarseness with various simple or advanced surgical interventions performed in the operating room or in the operating room.