high blood pressure during pregnancy

A pressure is required to ensure blood circulation. If this pressure is higher than normal, it is called hypertension (High Blood Pressure). When measuring blood pressure, 2 blood pressure values ​​are checked
Hypertension (systolic blood pressure)
diastolic blood pressure (diastolic blood pressure)
The blood pressure measured during the contraction of the alpine is the high (systolic) blood pressure, and the blood pressure measured during the relaxation of the heart is the small (diastolic) blood pressure. In a healthy adult human, the systolic pressure is 120 mm.Hg (mercury), and the diastolic pressure is 80 mm. Hg (mercury) is around the pressure. For the diagnosis of hypertension, it is sufficient that one of the diastolic and diastolic blood pressures is higher than normal. In general, a systolic blood pressure (systolic blood pressure) greater than 140 mmHg and a diastolic blood pressure (diastolic blood pressure) greater than 90 mmHg is considered hypertension. 140/90 mm Hg is generally adopted as the upper limit of normal pressure. The most important of the systolic and diastolic values ​​is diastolic pressure. When the diastolic pressure is above 90 mm Hg during pregnancy, the infant mortality rate in the womb was found to be 3-4 times higher. High blood pressure in pregnancy is an important risk factor that can seriously affect the life of mother and baby.
Blood pressure measurements should be made after the expectant mother has rested for at least 10 minutes, in a sitting position, with the right arm and the arm at heart level. Results from blood pressure monitors made after excessive activity or measuring from the wrist may be misleading. Measurements should be repeated at least 6 hours apart.
Another point that should be emphasized in the evaluation of blood pressure in pregnancy is this: 140/90 cannot be valid for every case as the upper limit of normal.
The most accurate measurement is made when two blood pressure measurements 6 hours apart are 140/90 mmHg or above, or an increase in systolic pressure of more than 30 mmHg from the blood pressure value measured before the 20th gestational week is detected, an increase in diastolic pressure of more than 15 mm Hg.
Types of high blood pressure seen in pregnancy;
1-Chronic hypertension: Pregnant women with known hypertension.
2- Gestational hypertension: Hypertension with normal blood pressure before pregnancy and occurring during pregnancy. The examinations and tests of these pregnant women are normal, there is no problem and the blood pressure returns to normal after delivery.
3-Mild preeclampsia:
Hypertension (diastolic blood pressure between 90-100 mmHg) + protein in the urine.
4-Severe preeclampsia:
Blood pressure above 160/100 mmHg + Loss of protein in urine + edema of ankle, hand and face + headache + blurred vision + shortness of breath + abdominal pain
5-Chronic hypertension aggravated by pregnancy (Superimposed preeclampsia): Expectant mothers with pre-pregnancy hypertension on top of preeclampsia findings.
6-Eclampsia: Pregnant women with the above-mentioned symptoms accompanied by loss of consciousness, contractions and seizures throughout the body.

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