Elevated liver enzymes are called hepatitis and are indicative of inflammation. Inflammation can be caused by lubrication, alcohol, microbes, drugs, chemicals or biliary obstruction. A person with hepatitis may have complaints such as weakness, fatigue, abdominal pain, yellowing of the eyes, and nausea. If elevation is found in tests called liver enzymes, it should be investigated. Because if hepatitis is not treated, it can cause cirrhosis, cancer and even sudden death. Recently, the increasing use of herbal medicines in our society can cause serious damage to the liver. A simple pain reliever or herbal tea that is good for someone else can cause rapid liver damage and death in you. The most classic example of this situation is mushroom poisoning. It is not clear which of the mushrooms collected from nature contains toxic substances for the liver.
The prevalence of obesity increases liver fattening. Cirrhosis and liver cancer are seen in those who have hepatitis due to fatty liver for many years.
Hepatitis viruses are viruses that cause inflammation in the liver. There are types of hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. There are effective vaccines against hepatitis A and B. Since the D virus cannot cause disease without the B virus, it is possible to be protected with the vaccine. Unfortunately, hepatitis viruses are seen 2-3 times more frequently in our country than in developed countries. Because, sufficient information transfer to the society has not been provided yet. On the other hand, many people are prejudiced against the vaccine. Anyone who fails to vaccinate himself and his family should not look for another culprit when hepatitis, cirrhosis, cancer and death occur in the future.
A blood test is essential to investigate whether hepatitis is present. First of all, simple whole blood, liver enzymes should be checked, even if these are normal, anti-HAV IgM, IgG, HBsAg, anti-HBc IgG, anti-HBs, anti-HCV should be checked. In addition, the evaluation of the liver by ultrasonography is also very important and necessary. Anyone who has no previous knowledge of this condition should consult a gastroenterology or internal medicine specialist for these evaluations as soon as possible.
Hepatitis viruses are transmitted from the outside to the person. Hepatitis A and E viruses are transmitted through food and drink. Hepatitis B, C and D viruses are transmitted through blood or sexually. Contamination through blood is most common in dental treatments, unhealthy barbershops and manicure – pedicure salons. In addition, procedures such as tattoos and piercings, which have become widespread in recent years, allow the spread of hepatitis viruses.
As a result, hepatitis is often a preventable disease. For this, it is necessary to make the necessary vaccinations, fight obesity, herbal treatments should not be viewed as natural and harmless, and risky people should be followed by a doctor.