What is a Pacemaker?
A pacemaker is a small device that helps regulate your heart rate. It controls your heart rate with small electrical impulses. Your doctor places this battery under the skin in the chest, usually under your collarbone. From here, the heart tissue is stimulated with two (sometimes one and sometimes three) wires.
A pacemaker monitors your heartbeat, and if it’s too slow, it will send electrical signals to your heart, increasing your heart rate. In addition; Most pacemakers have sensors that detect body movement or breathing rate that alert the pacemaker to increase your heart rate during exercise to meet your body’s increased need for blood and oxygen.
Do I Need a Pacemaker?
Except for temporary reasons;
- If your heart rate is too slow or fast
- If your heartbeat is irregular
- If the synchronous contraction of your heart’s tissues is impaired, your doctor may recommend a pacemaker.
But the reasons and timing may vary from patient to patient.
How is a Pacemaker Inserted?
Placement of a pacemaker can usually take between one and three hours, although it varies from patient to patient. You will receive local anesthesia to numb the incision area. You will be awake during the procedure.
Your doctor will make a small incision near your shoulder. He or she will guide a small wire through the incision into a large vein near your collarbone. Your doctor then guides the wire through your vein into your heart. An X-ray machine will guide your doctor through the procedure.
Using the wire, your surgeon attaches an electrode to the right ventricle of the heart. The ventricle is the lower chamber of the heart. The other end of the cable is connected to the generator of the pacemaker. This includes the battery and electrical circuits. Typically, your surgeon will place the generator under your skin near your collarbone.
If a three-chamber pacemaker is fitted, your doctor will add a second electrode to the right atrium of your heart and a third to the left ventricle. The atrium is the upper chamber of the heart.
Eventually, your surgeon will close your incision with stitches.
Daily Life with a Pacemaker
- Your doctor will check your pacemaker every three to six months.
- The battery life of your pacemaker is usually 5 to 8 years. But this may vary depending on the type of battery and the condition of the patient. When the battery life is shortened, a new one can be inserted with a minor surgical operation.
- Take your medicine as your doctor has told you.
- Tell your doctor if you have trouble breathing, swelling in your legs, lightheadedness, blackouts or fainting.
- Carry identification that you have a pacemaker
- Tell your other doctors and dentist that you have a pacemaker. Some types of medical equipment affect the operation of the pacemaker.
- Tell airport and mall security you have a pacemaker.
- Home microwaves, electrical appliances, most office and light shop equipment do not affect the operation of the pacemaker.
- Talk to your doctor about possible effects on industrial microwave ovens, electric cars, or other large engines.
- You can also use a mobile phone, but with the following conditions:
- Hold the phone on the battery-free side.
- Keep your phone away from the battery when it is turned on, for example, do not carry it in a breast pocket.
Most people with a pacemaker can live a life without disabilities. Your doctor will tell you which exercises you can do and for how long. Most batteries have programs that increase the heart rate as you exercise. After the time your doctor has set, you can drive and have sex.