Heart attack

Sudden occlusion of one of the vessels feeding the heart and reduced blood flow heart attack occurs. Because the clogged vessel can destroy the cells of the heart tissue, it can lead to death. The most important symptom of a heart attack is chest pain. The pain starts suddenly and is severe. It tends to spread from the chest to the left arm, back, and chin. The pain may also be accompanied by shortness of breath, sweating and nausea. As soon as symptoms such as heart pain occur, it is necessary to apply to health institutions immediately.

How Does a Heart Attack Occur?

A heart attack occurs as a result of a sudden decrease or interruption of blood flow in the vessels feeding the heart for a number of reasons. Cutting the heart vessel with a clot is usually effective in reducing the flow. Sometimes the plaques that develop in the heart vessels block the vessel and cause a heart attack.

The main reason why all these lead to a heart attack is that the heart muscle cannot get enough oxygen. The heart, which cannot receive oxygen, begins to fail to perform its functions. As time goes on, it can become difficult to return.

Who is at Risk of Heart Attack?

In the past, the risk of heart attack was seen in advanced ages, but today the number of cases has started to increase in the thirties.

  • high blood pressure patients,
  • Those with high cholesterol levels,
  • diabetics,
  • Smokers,
  • Those who have a family history of a heart attack at an early age,
  • obese,
  • those who are inactive,
  • The risk is increased in those who have an unhealthy diet.

Heart Attack Symptoms

  • chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitation
  • fatigue
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Fainting

(Sometimes a heart attack can occur without any symptoms.)

What To Do During A Heart Attack

If you are having a heart attack or someone close to you is having a heart attack, the following should be done:

First of all, care should be taken not to waste effort and 112 should be called. The heart, which cannot get enough oxygen anyway, should not get tired even more by expending effort. You should sit in the most suitable place and wait for the medical teams to arrive. The airiness of the environment is important for oxygen uptake. If a crisis has occurred in a closed area, it will be useful to open the windows. Clothing that tightens the chest area should be relaxed. If someone next to you is having a heart attack and you do not have sufficient medical experience, do not take any action, wait for the medical teams to arrive.

What Should Be Done to Prevent Heart Attack?

The way to prevent heart diseases is to adopt a healthy life. You should not stay sedentary, exercise regularly, and eat healthy. Obesity, high cholesterol, diabetes and high blood pressure diseases can cause a heart attack. You must keep these diseases under control. This is again through regular exercise and healthy eating. Not smoking and getting rid of excess weight is also an important way of prevention.

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