Health from the Blue: Blueberries

Blueberry (likapa) has recently grown in popularity in weight loss diets, often

It is a used fruit. So, is it as useful as it seems? How many calories? Nutrient distribution

how? Are there any health risks, and if so, what are they? To answer these questions, use blueberries

Let’s take a closer look at it.

Blueberry is a fruit adapted to temperate climatic conditions and botanically real.

belongs to the group of grapes. Blueberry was first grown in the USA in the early 1900s.

It has a wide usage area in consumption and food industry. cultivated wild

blueberries (Vaccinium) in the form of tall bushes of northern and southern origin.

corymbosum L.), rabbiteye blueberry (Vaccinium ashei Rehd.) and low bush

They are varieties that fall into the blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) species. Black Sea Region in our country

especially (Artvin, Rize, Trabzon, Ordu, Giresun, Gümüşhane, Samsun, Sinop, Kastamonu,

Zonguldak, Bolu, Bartın and Düzce), Marmara Region (Kocaeli, Sakarya, Istanbul, Kırklareli, Bursa and

Balikesir) and Eastern Anatolia (Erzurum-Şenkaya and Ardahan) wild forms (V. vitisidea, V.

myrtillus, V. uliginosum and V. arctostaphyllos), blueberry adaptation and

Efforts continue to expand its cultivation. Blueberry, in our country

It is known by names such as likapa, blueberry, ligarba, bearberry, morsivit, bush strawberry, Trabzon tea.

Components in blueberries age-related memory and motor skill loss, oxidative damage

and helps prevent inflammation. Tufts University, Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research

In a study published by the Center, rats were fed blueberry extract for 10 years.

fed blueberry extract even when the rats were older

have shown high performance. Apart from that, due to the phenolic compounds it contains, blueberries

It has antioxidant properties and is protective against cancer. It also contains vitamins (C

and E) and carotenoids stand out as compounds effective in the prevention of oxidative stress-related diseases.

they are going out.

Protective effect against hypertension thanks to the anthocyanin pigment it contains.

shows. 1 tea per week in a 14-year study involving 134,000 women and 23,000 men

Those who consumed more than a cup (125 ml) of blueberries compared to those who did not consume them at all.

It was determined that the risk of hypertension formation decreased by 10%. In addition, colon and ovarian cancer

reduces the risk. In a study, a compound called pterostilbene found in blueberries was found in the colon.

It has been found to protect against cancer. Due to its inflammatory properties

It has the ability to suppress tumor growth in the colon. Another one for women

In this study, high intake of blueberry flavonoids was associated with the risk of ovarian cancer.

It has been determined that it provides a reduction of 34%.

It protects heart health with its high fiber, antioxidant capacity and reducing bad cholesterol.

quality. 3 or more servings per week in a 2012 study of 93,000 women

women who consume blueberries and strawberries compared to those who consume these fruits once a month or less.

The risk of heart attack was found to be 32% less when compared

Its extract is used in the treatment of some eye diseases: Studies have included 20 mg of ß-carotene.

Combined blueberry extract in eliminating the day and night adaptation problem of the eye.

has proven to be effective.

Polyphenols, salicylic acid, carotenes, fiber, folic acid, vitamin C, B in blueberries

vitamin, potassium, manganese, magnesium, iron, riboflavin, niacin, phytoestrogens.

It contains antioxidant compounds and despite such beneficial properties, it is also very low in calories. 1 tea

cup (100gr) of fresh blueberries is about 45 calories. Blueberry 83% Water, 15% Carbs, %

It contains 1.5 Fiber, 0.7% Protein, 0.5% Fat. Nutritional content of 100 g of blueberries; 89mg. potassium, 10

mg. Phosphorus, 6mg. Calcium, 5mg. Magnesium, 0.6mg. Selenium, 0.28mg. Manganese, 0.17mg.

Iron, 0.11 mg. Zinc, 13 mg. Contains Vitamin C. When we look at dried blueberries, the calories

content rises. When we calculate calories in the same amounts, that is, over 100gr, approximately 300

We encounter a caloric value. Care should be taken when consuming dried blueberries, 2 tablespoons

We must not pass.

In the findings of the research at the University of Michigan, the waist of Blueberry

It prevents metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases by preventing the fat around it.

that is. Here, blueberries balance the insulin level, especially for those who have a sweet crisis problem.

It makes it stand out as an alternative food for Blueberry weighted 90 days light

It was observed that body fat in mice was completely melted in mice fed a diet.

Are blueberries harmful?

Blueberry still has no known side effects. The leaves and fruit of the plant can be safely

available. But the substance obtained from its leaves contains tannin. That’s why excessively

If consumed, it can cause extreme weight loss, heart spasm or fatal consequences. Also regularly

If there are drugs used, blueberry can reduce their effect. prevent blood clotting

It is said that the plant, which has an effect, causes excessive bleeding during menstrual periods in women.

it could be. It prevents blood clotting during any injury, causing excessive blood loss.

it could be. For this reason, especially before or after a surgical intervention, containing blueberry

It is recommended not to consume foods and beverages. People using blood thinning drugs

If he consumes products prepared with myrtle, he may experience the negative effects of the drug.

should not be forgotten.

As a result, besides the effects of helping to burn fat, blueberries are against many diseases.

exerts a protective effect. Due to these effects, it takes more place in our healthy diet.

It’s good to give.

resources

1. Austin, ME, 1994. Rabbiteye Blueberries. Development, Production and Marketing.

Agscience Inc., Florida, USA, 160 pp

2. Çelik, H. 2006a. Blueberries (likapa). http://www.uzumsu.com/dosyalar/likapa-sistmtk-

botany-cult.pdf- (Accessed on 18.08.2011).

3. Davis, PH 1978. Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh Univ. Press. 6:89-108.

4. Characterization of Phenolic Compounds of Blueberry Fruit Grown in Turkey, Food and

Feed Science – Technology Magazine / Journal of Food and Feed Science – Technology 15: 9-18

(2015)

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