You must have heard the terms probiotics and prebiotics. Let’s take a look at these frequently encountered and confused terms.
We can briefly define probiotics as “beneficial gut bacteria”. By regulating our intestinal flora, these bacteria show health-improving effects such as strengthening our immune system and regulating the digestive system. Probiotics increase the absorption of nutrients with the effects they create and enable us to benefit from nutrients better. It reduces digestive problems such as vomiting, diarrhea and constipation. In addition, studies have shown that it reduces the risk of colon cancer, lowers blood cholesterol levels and reduces allergic symptoms. Obesity, which is one of the most important health problems all over the world in recent years, is thought to be related to the intestinal microbiota. There are studies showing that probiotics can be effective in energy balance and appetite control, and therefore in weight control.
So how can we reproduce these microorganisms in our gut? Probiotic sources are fermented foods such as yogurt, kefir, and pickles. It is important to consume enough and balanced in order for them to be effective in the body. In addition, the effects of prebiotics on the proliferation of probiotics should not be forgotten. Because probiotic bacteria use prebiotics as food. In other words, prebiotics are the food for probiotics. Root vegetables such as dandelion, onion, garlic, leek, potato, Jerusalem artichoke, asparagus and artichoke, whole grains such as oats, rye and wheat are prebiotic-containing foods.
AS A RESULT… Our immune system may weaken and our risk of catching diseases may increase, especially during seasonal transitions, such as the time we live in, during stressful and busy times. Including adequate amounts of prebiotics and probiotics in our daily diet, instead of being sick and immediately clinging to antibiotics, affects our health positively, helping us to protect ourselves against diseases and to maintain our energy balance.