Head and Neck Cancers

Head and neck cancers are common and on average 1 in 4 of these patients will die.
is losing.
Tobacco is the most preventable cause of these deaths. Head and neck cancers can be treated if caught early.
they can be.

Early symptoms of head and neck cancer enable early diagnosis. Possible stimulus
You should know the signs and alert your doctor as soon as possible.

Remember that successful treatment of head and neck cancers depends on early detection. A warning team
Knowing the symptoms can save your life in head and neck cancer. It should be detected and treated early!

What Should We Observe?
• A swelling in the neck

Head and neck cancers usually reach the lymph nodes in the neck before they spread anywhere in the body.
spreads. Swelling on the neck that does not go away for more than 2 weeks, see a doctor as soon as possible.
must be seen by Of course, not all swellings mean cancer. However, swelling or swelling of the mouth,
It may be the first sign of laryngeal, goiter cancer, some lymph cancers and blood cancer. Such swellings are usually
It is painless and tends to get bigger.

• Voice change

Many laryngeal cancers cause voice changes. hoarseness or voice lasting longer than 2 weeks
changes should alert you to see your doctor. An Ear Nose Throat and Head Neck
professional; can examine your vocal cords with easy and painless methods. Although many voices
Even if the cause of the change is not cancer, you should not leave it to chance. If your hoarseness is longer than 2 weeks
If it continues, you should make sure that you do not have laryngeal cancer and go to your doctor.

• Lip growth

Most tongue and lip cancers cause persistent sores and swelling. Unless the wounds and swellings become inflamed
it is painless. Although bleeding may occur, it is often not seen until the advanced stages of the disease. wound or swelling
If it accompanies a mass in the neck, this should be taken very seriously. Your dentist or doctor
evaluate whether a biopsy (tissue sampling test) is needed and send you to a head and neck examination for this procedure.
may refer you to your surgeon.

• Bleeding

This is often due to a cause other than cancer. However, mouth, nose, throat and lung tumors
they can cause bleeding. Bleeding in saliva or sputum for more than a few days
you should see a doctor.

• Swallowing problems

Throat and esophageal cancers make it difficult to swallow solid foods and sometimes liquids. a certain food
It causes a stinging sensation at the point and either goes to the stomach or comes back from the mouth. In this case, a doctor
You should apply. The esophagus, usually through an X-ray barium swallow film or a swallowed tube.
The cause is determined by direct examination.

• Changes in the skin

Skin cancer, which is very common in the head and neck, responds well to early treatment. Most often forehead, face,
Although it occurs in areas where the skin is exposed to the sun, such as the ears, it can occur anywhere on the skin. Skin
Cancer often starts as a small pale sore, grows slowly, and has a dimple-shaped pit in the middle.
and even ulcers occur. While some of this area heals, a larger portion remains ulcerated. some leather
color change is seen in cancers.

Other types of cancer seen in the head and neck include; squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma.
Some of the squamous cell cancers are seen in the lower lip and ear. Similar to skin cancer and early detection
It usually does not become more dangerous if treated and treated appropriately. A non-healing lip, face, ear
If there is a wound, seek medical advice immediately.

Malignant melanoma classically causes a dark blue-black color change in the skin. With this
The size, color change and bleeding in any mole are also a problem. on face and neck
possible, especially in the presence of a blue-black stain that varies in size and shape.
should consult a dermatologist or another doctor as soon as possible.

• Ongoing earaches

Pain in and around the ear while swallowing is due to a growing tumor or infection in the throat.
it could be. Such a complaint; worsened if it is accompanied by difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, or a swelling in the neck.
it is remarkable. These findings should be evaluated by an Ear Nose and Throat Specialist as soon as possible.
evaluation is required.

Identification of high risk in head and neck cancers:

Up to 30% of head and neck cancers are caused by specific factors such as smoking and alcohol.
time is closely related to exposure. Oral and throat cancer in adults who do not smoke or drink
almost never found. Prolonged exposure to sunlight is associated with cancer of the lips and skin
It is the biggest cause of cancer.

What should you do?
All the signs and symptoms described above may also be present in non-cancerous conditions. Actually, most of the time
These complaints can also be seen in some other conditions other than cancer. But a good examination
You can’t say without doing it. Therefore, in the presence of these complaints, go to your doctor and be sure.

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