What is Hay Fever?
This term is actually incorrect. First, straw is not allergenic, so it does not cause allergies.
Causes nasal congestion, itchy and runny nose, and a large amount of dark discharge from the nose and throat.
but these allergic complaints are not caused by itself, but by the allergic substances that come from the air and are placed on it.
Summer flu is not like the common cold caused by known viruses. The way of allergic substances in the air
It is an inconvenience. Hay fever and summer fever, originally known medically as ‘allergic rhinitis’
What Causes Allergy?
Allergic substances coming from plants or animals, foreign to humans, from places such as eyes, nose, throat
they enter the human body, where they encounter a reaction that prevents them from entering. Normal
In these circumstances, this helper is a natural protection. However, some people, against certain substances, are more than normal.
they overreact. Such people are called ‘allergic’ people, and such substances are called ‘allergens’.
Allergy has a hereditary tendency.
The body’s defense system produces substances that fight against foreign substances. These are allergens.
When they come into contact with each other, substances that cause undesirable effects in the body are released. ‘Histamine’ is among them
It is the most well-known and causes swelling, itching, irritation and excessive secretion in the tissue lining the nose.
Which Allergens Cause Allergy in the Nose?
Plant or plant that is light enough to be carried by air and of a certain size, that can be stored in the nasal tissue.
animal protein fragments cause allergies. Common: flower pollen, fungal spores, animal epithelium
spills and house dust. These invisible microscopic structures are larger or smaller than necessary.
If they occur, they cannot enter the body and cause an allergic reaction.
Which Pollens Cause Problems?
The following results were obtained in a study conducted in Turkey.
In January, February, March, hazelnut, juniper, thuja, cypress, poplar, ash alder, arbutus, skirting board,
Rhododendrons are common allergens.
In April, May, June, hazelnut, juniper, thuja, cypress, mulberry, ash, oak, olive, pine,
horse chestnut, arbutus, skirting, rhododendron, nettles, wheat, barley, corn, oats, rye, rice,
Carrot, hemlock, celery, dill, plantain, lamb’s ear, meadow grass are common allergens.
In July, August, September, linden, acacia, pine, arbutus, supergelik, rhododendron,
daisies, nettles, wheat, barley, corn, oats, rye, rice, carrots, hemlock, celery, brook
grass, plantain, lamb’s ear are common allergens.
In October, November, juniper, thuja, cypress, cedar, arbutus, skirting board, rhododendron, daisy-oils, frequent
These are the fermenting fungi we know. Dead leaves, grass, straw, other grain stalks, seeds
and they also reproduce on the ground. Since they do not freeze, mushrooms can cause allergies almost all year. Just
They cannot be active because they are covered with snow in winter.
Indoors, fungi thrive on houseplants and soil. Also, basement, stairs
They can also be found in dim and humid places such as under, in alcoholic beverages.
Hay Fever Lasting All Year?
Animal allergens (cat, dog, horse and other pet’s wool, leather), cosmetics, fungi,
Year-round allergens, such as foods and house dust, cause this condition. House dust, many substances
is a mixture. These are cellulose (poured from household furniture), fungi, allergens spilled from pets,
Insect allergens are tiny creatures known as ‘mites’. The reason for the increased allergy in winter is the heating and
It is the house dust that increases with the heat effect of the stoves.
Could allergies be important? Those with allergic body, cold, flu, sinus and ear
their resistance to infection has decreased. In addition, these infections are more uncomfortable during
more importantly, they can develop asthma.
What can we do ?
The ideal is to stay away from allergens. For example, on the beach, only the breeze from the sea
You can go to a place where there is very dry air to breathe. Unfortunately, such suggestions are impractical.
We can try to protect yourself with the following measures.
– Wear a mask when cleaning the house or dealing with herbs.
– If you have ventilation, change the air filters once a month or buy an air cleaner.
– During heavy pollen season, keep your doors and windows closed as much as possible.
– Do not grow houseplants and do not feed animals to which you are allergic
– Cleanse your wool blanket, down pillow, woolen clothes with non-allergenic synthetic materials.
– Cover your duvet and spring mattress with synthetic covers.
– Use the medicines recommended by your doctor regularly.
– When lying down, lie with your head higher.
– Take care of your general health:
– Exercise every day.
– Quit smoking and other smoky drinks.
– Eat a balanced diet low in carbohydrates.
– Eat foods with vitamins (especially vitamin-C).
– See your doctor regularly.
– In winter, houses are quite dry due to the effect of heating, so it is necessary to buy a quality humidifier.
Think about it, but beware that fungi can grow on these humidifiers.
What Can Your Physician Do for You?
Your ear, nose and throat doctor will examine you fully. Detail of your nose and sinuses
examination, infection accompanying allergy, nasal curvature that increases allergic complaints and complicates treatment,
It will detect whether there are diseases such as polyps.
There are different drug groups available for the treatment of allergies. Your doctor will decide which of these is more suitable for you.
will decide. Treatment also includes appropriate environmental control. Appropriate story and
Whether or not tests are performed to determine which substances are allergic as a result of the examination.
will decide what is needed.
There are two treatments for airborne allergens. First, stay away from them; if not possible
appropriate vaccination treatment. The principle in vaccine treatment is to administer the substance to which the person is allergic to very low doses.
It is based on creating tolerance. There are allergy tests with blood or skin tests. Modern
with tests, it is determined how sensitively you are allergic, as well as what you are allergic to.
can be achieved.
The effects can be seen a few weeks after the appropriate allergy vaccinations are started. But a more permanent
It should be applied for three to five years to achieve effect. Even if allergy shots provide some improvement,
The need for drugs continues.
especially when exposed to large amounts of allergens or when a complication develops.
becomes evident. During this process, your doctor will keep you under control.