Human Papilloma Virus, in short, HPV virus is a type of wart that can occur in both men and women within the scope of sexually transmitted diseases. The virus, which has a cauliflower-like appearance, can manifest itself in both a single and several regions, as well as in various sizes. These masses, which have a hard structure, have an increasing incidence in the world. These viruses are also considered as a serious health problem for both sexes. HPV virus causes cervical cancer in women and penile cancer in men. For this reason, when the HPV virus is noticed, it is necessary to see a specialist doctor without wasting time.
The HPV vaccine called Gardasil is a type of vaccine that does not carry live viruses. This vaccine is administered as 3 doses over a six-month period. Even though women have been vaccinated, they should continue to have regular pap smear tests. The vaccine contains active ingredients against four different viruses that cause cervical cancer and genital warts. This vaccine can be given to girls aged 9 and over, but it is appropriate to have it between the ages of 12-26. The reason why this vaccine is made so early is that it provides protection without starting an active sexual life and encountering any HPV type. Although it is thought that the HPV vaccine may be effective for penile cancer, anus cancer or other warts in the genital area in men, there is currently no HPV vaccine for men.
Other Ways to Avoid HPV
In addition to the Gardasil vaccine to prevent HPV, another vaccine is in the trial process. It is observed that this vaccine is 70% successful in cervical cancer. It is expected that this vaccine, which has not been tested yet, will be on the market in the near future. In addition, it is extremely important for people to have a regular pap smear test every year in the early diagnosis of cancer that may occur. In addition, the use of condoms is very important in preventing AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases, as well as cervical cancer and warts in the genital area.