Hair Loss is a very common ailment. Hair problems, which constitute an important part of the external appearance, cause discomfort both physically and psychologically.
Hair loss may spread to the entire scalp or be localized in a few areas; this can also develop as permanent destruction or temporary periodic spills. It is necessary to focus on the two most common types of hair loss in society.
Which types of hair loss are normal and do not require treatment?
Hair loss may occur 2-3 months after birth, febrile illness and severe illness, injury and surgical intervention. Sometimes, drugs used in the treatment of goiter, Vitamin A, and drugs used in cancer treatment can cause shedding. The scalp is normal in such spills. No treatment is required, the hair usually comes back on its own.
What is male pattern hair loss?
Male pattern hair loss is a disease that is frequently seen in men, but has also become common in women in recent years, in which the hair on the temples and crown is thinned or completely shed. Since this type of shedding is seen more in men, it is known as male pattern hair loss or hereditary hair loss. In men, this type of hair loss is seen in the temple and crown area. In women, thinning is seen in the whole of the hair in the upper part of the scalp. At the edges of these areas where the hair is thinning, there are immature, thin, short hairs that gradually thin towards the tip.
How much does our hair normally fall out?
It is normal to lose up to 200 hairs after 100 washings a day. Shedding above this number is not normal and should be evaluated by a Dermatology Specialist.
What are the spills due to internal diseases?
Hair loss can occur in diseases such as anemia and goiter due to iron deficiency. In this case, the underlying disease should be treated in order to stop the shedding.
What kind of alopecia is hair loss and how is it treated?
In alopecia areata disease, which is known as alopecia, there are areas where the hair is completely shed in the form of well-circumscribed money. In the treatment, cortisone cream can be applied with closed application and cortisone injection can be applied to bald areas. Sometimes systemic cortisone therapy can be used. In addition, some drugs that stimulate hair growth can be used in the treatment. In this type of hair loss, a dermatologist should be consulted.
How is male pattern baldness treated?
Minoxidil in Treatment % 2Application of the solution 2 times a day for 6 months, 30% In this case, on the other hand, more women have cosmetically noticeable hair growth. The best response is taken in patients who have thinning hair and have not developed baldness. This treatment is also effective in older women with hair loss. The other treatment method is to use a pill containing finasteride once a day by male patients. Finasteride is effective by preventing the formation of active male hormone in the hair root.
If women have acne, hair growth, menstrual irregularity problems with shedding, a deep research should be done by a dermatologist. In cases that do not respond to these treatments, hair transplants taken from the area of the head near the nape can be transplanted into the front part of the hair as small pieces of skin containing 1-2 hair follicles.
Zinc deficiency and hair loss
Zinc deficiencies cause growth arrest in children and hair loss in adults. Zinc is found in most foods. However, the zinc in some of these makes it difficult for humans to benefit. (due to absorption deficiencies) . The absorption of zinc in animal foods is generally higher than in plant foods. Especially meat, cheese, liver are rich in zinc. Among plant foods, almonds, walnuts, wheat, bulgur and mushrooms are rich in zinc.
Hair loss in autumn is normal
It is normal to lose 100-150 strands of hair per day in autumn. We are not well fed during this period. Due to the decrease in vegetables and fruits, we cannot get enough vitamins. In place of the hair shed in autumn, new ones will begin to grow as the body adapts to the cold in winter. The new hair that grows will also be revived in the spring and become prominent. If the hair is still shedding a lot when winter comes, then it is useful to go to a dermatologist. ,
In this case, nourishing and vitamin shampoos are recommended to people. In the autumn months, as the weather starts to cool, the hair bulb also narrows and shrivels. When the hair bulb becomes smaller compared to its former size, the veins that feed the hair inside also shrink. Therefore, the hair becomes less nourished. After a while, when this nutrition is not enough, the hair starts to fall out. It doesn’t matter if the hair is short or long. But in some people, they may not notice because the shedding may be less. Especially obese people are less affected by this situation. Shedding occurs until the body gets used to the cold. Especially in winter, it is necessary to protect the hair from the cold, so one should not go out with wet hair.
Androgenic alopecia (male pattern hair loss)
A common form of hair loss in men, which develops symmetrically in certain parts of the scalp. Hair loss starts from the temples and progresses to the top. There is a decrease in the number of hairs, thinning and shortening. In women, it usually gives symptoms in the form of thinning and thinning of the hair. of men 70% This shedding is encountered in 10% of women. Generally 20 It starts at the end of the stage, the rate of shedding progresses at different rates individually and can sometimes change with the effect of environmental factors. This type of spills can progress to the opening of the entire crown in severe cases and may cause the person to develop psychological problems.