Gum Disorders During Pregnancy

Remember that as a result of inadequate oral care, your gum disease progresses and may cause you to give birth prematurely or with low weight.

What are the most common complaints of pregnant patients?

Gingivitis is common during pregnancy. bleeding, swelling, redness and sensitivity to touch develop in the gums. This situation also makes oral care difficult. Bleeding, especially during brushing or on its own, is quite remarkable. These problems usually occur in the first three months of pregnancy. If no precautions are taken, the inflammation can also penetrate the bone, which is the supporting tissue of the tooth, and eventually lead to the loss of the teeth. Although less, harmless but painful gingival enlargement, which is called pregnancy tumor, can be seen.

What is the cause of gum disease in pregnancy?

Gingival tissues are also affected by the changes that occur in the body during pregnancy. Oral care becomes even more important during pregnancy because rising hormone levels increase existing tooth and gum problems. High levels of hormones increase the amount of fluid in the gum cells. This can cause the gums to become sensitive and swollen. In addition, the resistance of the gums to infections is negatively affected. However, it should be noted that this situation is directly related to inadequate oral care. Bacteria in the oral environment cause aggravation of the disease.

What kinds of treatments are used in pregnant women with gum disease?

The only cause of the disease is not hormones, but bacteria that accumulate between the teeth and gums. First of all, improving the oral care of the pregnant
required. To remove existing bacterial plaque and tartar, tartar cleaning should be done. In this way, it is tried to keep the disease under control. However, in cases where the disease progresses, it is necessary to work with local anesthesia, so the treatments that can be done are limited. In emergency cases, further treatments can be applied between the third and sixth months with the approval of the doctor.

What kind of measures should be taken to prevent the occurrence of these disorders?

In planned pregnancies, it is extremely important to have all dental and gingival controls done in advance. Thanks to this care, all the problems that may be encountered in the future can be prevented. After the pregnancy is realized, going to the dentist at regular intervals and having oral care procedures such as tartar cleaning, brushing the teeth with the right technique (massaging the gums) at least twice a day, using dental floss to clean the food residues accumulated between the teeth, your dentist deems necessary. In such cases, it is necessary to use antimicrobial mouthwashes, to remove the bacteria accumulated on the tongue, and to feed it with healthy and vitamin-rich foods. Keeping oral care at the highest level during pregnancy is also important for the development of the fetus.

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