Gum Diseases

Periodontology;It is the branch of dentistry that deals with inflammatory diseases of the soft and hard tissues surrounding the teeth and their treatment.


gum disease; It is inflammation of the gums and the bone that supports the tooth. It can progress without symptoms in the initial period and most of the time there is no pain. If untreated, this disease; If the length of the teeth is not extended, it causes the loss of teeth and the melting of the bone that supports the teeth.


– Bacterial plaque and tartar caused by not cleaning the teeth properly
– Diet
– Tobacco use
– Effect of systemic diseases
– genetic factors


Bleeding of the gums while brushing and flossing
– Gums appearing red and swollen
– Receding teeth
– Bad breath
– Inflammation between the tooth and gingiva
– Mobility of teeth; i.e. divergence or displacement
– A change in the fit or use of existing dentures in the mouth

The early level of gum disease is called gingivitis. Gums may be red, bleeding and swollen. This stage of gum disease can be reversible. Sometimes just a better oral care professional cleaning may be enough for the treatment.

Depending on the level of gingival disease, curettage and root surface straightening may be recommended in addition to dental cleaning by a gingival specialist. Plaque and tartar are removed from the gingival pocket using special dental instruments. Then, by smoothing the root surfaces, the gingiva is pushed and firmly adhered to the tooth. In cases where this treatment is not sufficient, performing gingival operations is also on the agenda.

Gum diseases do not heal on their own, with treatments such as mouthwash and vitamins. It must be treated by a gum specialist. Early diagnosis will protect the health of the teeth as well as the gums.

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