Gum Diseases;widely among the people ‘gum recession’ In this field of dentistry, cleaning of dental calculus and bacterial plaque, treatment of the disease with surgical techniques, and informing and motivating the patient about oral and dental care, for the treatment of gingival diseases, which are known as gingival diseases and result in the loss of teeth. The treatment of gum diseases has become one of the most emphasized issues in modern dentistry.
- – Light pink color with an image of an orange peel
- – A regular gingival margin that surrounds the teeth at the root beginnings and follows their contours
- – Absence of redness, swelling or infection
- – No bleeding with normal brushing and flossing
- – Absence of any discomfort
- – Robust and hard-looking gums…
Symptoms of Gingivitis;
- – Bleeding in the gums (while brushing teeth or spontaneously)odor and bad taste in the mouth due to inflammation
- – Red and swollen gums
- – Taste disturbance in the mouth
- – Exposure of tooth root by pulling gums
- – swinging teeth
- – Teeth that bend or become crooked over time
- – Itching sensation in the gums are the main symptoms.
- – Types of Gum Diseases
Gingivitis: It is the simplest form of gum disease. During this period, the gums are bleeding, red and enlarged in volume. It may not cause much discomfort in the early period. If left untreated, the disease turns into periodontitis. Gum health can be restored with professional treatment and good care.
Periodontitis: It is the more advanced stage of periodontal diseases. As a result of inflammation in the supporting tissues of the tooth, progressive bone loss occurs with the tissues between the tooth and gum. There is a recession in the gums and a formation called a gingival pocket. As the disease progresses, it leads to loosening of the teeth and loss if left untreated.
Causes of Gum Diseases;
Bacterial plaque, which is the main cause of gum disease; It is a sticky transparent layer that is firmly attached to the tooth. In cases where oral hygiene procedures are applied insufficiently, bacterial plaque that affects the teeth and gums occurs. One milligram of plaque contains between 200 and 300 million bacteria. In addition, the following factors also affect gum health.
* genetic factors
* Hormonal changes
* Medication use
* Clenching or grinding teeth
* Diabetes – diabetes
* Poorly made crown bridges and fillings
Treatment of Gum Diseases;
In the treatment of gum disease, it is necessary to measure the depth of the pockets formed between the tooth and the gum by means of a special instrument (periodontal probe). Diagnosis is made and treatment is planned according to the amount and depth of these pockets. Since deep pockets will prepare a suitable environment for the rapid progression of gingival disease, the aim of the treatment is to make them as shallow as possible. It is impossible for the microorganisms to be completely removed by the patient by brushing and using dental floss.
Aesthetic gum applications
Gummy smile:In cases where the gums look excessive when they smile, a more pleasant smile can be obtained by removing the excess gums with a small operation, whether or not any aesthetic dentistry procedure will be performed.
Tooth extraction: Some teeth may appear too long as a result of gum recession. The root surfaces of these teeth were exposed. In such a case, first of all, gingival treatment should be performed and these openings should be closed with soft tissue transplants.
Irregular gingival channels:The gums surrounding the teeth may be too high or too low on some teeth. (gingival recession, eruption disorder, defects arising from tooth loss, etc.)Before the aesthetic procedure, gingival shapes should be idealized.
Treatments to be applied according to the level of Gum Diseases;
- Tooth stone cleaning
- Root surface straightening (curettage)
- Gingivectomy and gingivoplasty
- flap operation
- Tissue transplants
- Soft tissue transplants
- Hard tissue transplants