Periodontal diseases or in Turkish gum diseases are very serious bacterial infectious diseases that melt the jawbone around the tooth roots, causing recession of the gums and shaking of the teeth (mobility). Gum diseases are very common. 90% of adults and 30% of children have various forms of the disease. Severe gum disease is seen in 37% of the population. In 60% of adult teeth that have to be extracted, the reason for extraction is not caries but periodontitis, which is a gum disease.
In addition, periodontitis patients face many medical problems. In case of gum infection (inflammation), the risk of developing heart disease increases up to 168%. Similarly, it poses a 50% higher risk for fatal (FATAL) Coronary Heart disease. The risk of stroke is 300% higher, and the risk of preterm birth in women is 700%. Likewise, it increases the risks of diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis. However, the progression of gum diseases such as periodontitis is preventable and treatable.
Gum disease (Periodontitis) is a disease that can never be completely eliminated once it occurs. The progression of the disease can be stopped by patient-physician cooperation. However, no guarantee can be given that periodontitis will not recur. We can compare this to diabetes. Just as the blood values of a diabetic patient must be followed continuously, a periodontitis patient should be checked by a specialist physician at intervals to be determined by his physician. Thus, necessary precautions can be taken for areas where periodontitis is observed to start or to recur. In cases where this control program is not followed, the disease may reach dimensions that cannot be intervened and unfortunately we may lose our teeth.
Procedures performed in the control program or maintenance therapy; Intraoral care criteria, periodontal pocket depth and attachment loss measurements taken at the first patient admission are repeated and compared with the initial situation. Thus, the risk of periodontitis formation and possible tooth loss is eliminated. The control program needs to be strictly followed even above the treatment of periodontitis (initial or surgical). Periodontitis; It is a curable disease only if the control program is followed.
Healthy gums do not bleed. Periodontitis or Gingivitis; The biggest symptom of gum disease is bleeding. Because almost all of these disorders are painless and therefore insidious. Gingival bleeding should be seen as an alarm sign and should be examined and treated by a doctor who is a “Gum Diseases and Surgery Specialist” as soon as possible. And it should be under the control of a specialist physician for life at appropriate intervals. When it is late, the teeth in the mouth begin to shake; This is a sign that there is not much left to do. All teeth can be lost. Let’s stay on top of gingival bleeding and do what’s necessary: BEFORE IT’S GONE!
When our teeth decay, we feel many discomforts, starting with hot and cold sensitivity, and up to pain that does not sleep at night. This is how the infection in the tooth manifests itself so clearly. However, gingiva is insidious just like liver disease, it progresses rapidly without causing any pain. In the last phase of the disease, it is almost impossible for us to notice until our teeth begin to loosen. When we go in search of a doctor, it’s too late. It would not be wrong to say that there is nothing left to be done for these teeth after this point.
Bleeding, redness and swelling are striking symptoms of gum disease. In gum disease; Bleeding is the most disturbing and therefore the most striking symptom in the process from the melting of the jawbone to the shaking of the teeth. For this reason, gingival bleeding should be taken very seriously and the doctor should be followed up as soon as it is seen.