An aesthetic smile is not only possible with white, regular teeth, but also with gums compatible with these teeth. The name of aesthetic gingival applications is pink aesthetics. `The health, color and level of the gums complete the dental aesthetics’ The first step in providing a pleasant, harmonious and clean smile is to ensure the harmony of teeth and gums. The healthy gingiva is light pink in color, firmly adhered to the tooth and bone, and has a shiny but rough appearance similar to an orange peel.
It is the process of cutting the gingiva in gingival enlargements and in areas with deep pockets. Then, the gingival contours are corrected and the gingiva takes a physiological and aesthetic form.
In cases where the gingival tissue covers the teeth too much, the length of the teeth may appear too short in the mouth. This situation “gummy smile” It is called as esthetics and affects the aesthetics badly. Excessively visible gingiva or asymmetric gingival levels can be corrected with a small operation called ‘Gingivoplasty’.
With local anesthesia to be applied to the patient, necessary arrangements can be made in the gingiva without the patient feeling anything. If necessary, aesthetic results beyond expectations can be obtained with full porcelain Laminate or Zirconium porcelains without metal support to be applied afterwards.
Regenerative processes are applied to regenerate the supporting tissues, which are destroyed due to periodontal disease, by stimulating the body’s own production mechanisms. In appropriate cases, the affected tissues are removed and new support structures are formed by using membrane, bone graft or tissue stimulating proteins.
Soft Tissue Graft
Root surfaces are exposed as a result of gingival recession. This causes the appearance of the teeth to prolong, exposed root surfaces are sensitive to hot and cold foods and beverages.
Hard brushing, harmful habits (nail biting, pen biting…etc.),Recession in the gums may occur due to various reasons such as prostheses, orthodontic appliances, aging and periodontal diseases.
In the treatment phase, first of all, the cause of the disease should be determined and controlled or, if possible, eliminated. Soft tissue grafts are applied to cover root surfaces or to increase gingival tissue lost due to recession. This practice also reduces the risk of gingival recession and bone loss. Covering the exposed root surfaces prevents the formation of caries in this area and helps to improve the aesthetics.
Gingival tissue taken from the palate area or another donor area of the mouth in soft tissue grafts ‘graft’used as.
Crown Length Extension
In teeth with excessive tissue loss, in teeth with caries extending under the gingiva, with the crown lengthening operation, the excess gingival tissue is removed and the bone underneath is reshaped, making the teeth appear longer, thus increasing the retention of the restoration to be applied.