The increasing demand for gluten-free products has caused almost every product to be produced gluten-free, and these products have taken their place on the market shelves at two or three times more price than gluten-containing products. So who really needs those gluten-free products? In other words, who needs a gluten-free diet?
Gluten is a group of proteins found in certain grains such as wheat, rye, and barley. It helps foods keep their shape by providing elasticity and moisture. It also makes the bread rise and gives it that sticky consistency. If you are not sensitive to gluten or have celiac disease, we can say that gluten is safe for you.
However, if you have celiac disease, your immune system has an abnormal response to gluten, and this abnormal response triggers an inflammatory process, causing damage to your small intestinal walls. The damaged small intestinal wall can no longer provide adequate nutrient absorption and you experience many nutrient deficiencies. So what is the treatment? Eliminate gluten from your life! However, it should be noted that it is really difficult to eat completely gluten-free. Because gluten is found in many packaged products. The habit of reading labels is of great importance here. Before purchasing a product, you should definitely check whether it contains gluten from the ingredients.
Another gluten-related disease is gluten allergy. Hypersensitivity reaction (angioedema, shock) or late-onset skin symptoms (rash, urticaria), digestive system (vomiting, diarrhea…) or respiratory system symptoms (rhinitis, bronchitis, asthma) may occur with gluten ingestion. Unlike celiac, gluten allergy can be cured. Having a gluten allergy also requires a gluten-free diet.
Gluten intolerance, on the other hand, is the most understandable definition of gluten that makes you feel uncomfortable. If you have gluten intolerance, you will experience discomforting symptoms when you consume a gluten-containing food, and this discomfort will disappear when you remove the gluten-containing food from your diet. The most common symptoms are abdominal pain, abdominal bloating, gas, diarrhea or constipation. Even depression can be a symptom of gluten intolerance. If you have gluten intolerance, a gluten-free diet will relieve symptoms.
Gluten-free diet can cause nutritional deficiencies such as fiber, iron, calcium, vitamin B12, folate, zinc, vitamins A, D, E and K. It is difficult and costly to implement. It is known that gluten-free products contain much more fat and carbohydrates than normal. Therefore, if you do not have a gluten-related disorder diagnosed by a physician, the application will do more harm than good. We must not forget that the gluten-free diet is not a trend but a treatment method!