Gestational diabetes, which occurs in about 2 to 4 percent of pregnant women; It is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy or is diagnosed for the first time during this period even though it was present before pregnancy. Gestational diabetes, which is a temporary type of diabetes that usually disappears with the birth of the baby, is more common in overweight and pregnant women over 35 years of age with a family history of diabetes. Expressing that a correct and balanced diet is very important during pregnancy, Gynecology Obstetrics and Perinatology Specialist Op. Cengiz Sağıroğlu. He conveys his views on Gestational diabetes, which is known to the public as “Gestational Diabetes” and its treatment Gestational diabetes can be controlled… Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, is caused by the pancreas’ inability to produce enough insulin or the insufficient use of insulin by the body Diabetes diagnosed Cengiz Sağıroğlu stated that in patients with diabetes, the body does not use sugar and starch as an energy source. He stated that gestasvönel diabetes can develop in between 1.50 and 1-20 of the pregnant women. In addition, Sağıroğlu emphasized that in order to detect and prevent problems that may occur, it is absolutely necessary to stay in touch with the doctor before and after pregnancy. He underlined that early diagnosis is the most important savior in preventing larger diseases. What is the effect of diabetes on the development of the baby in the womb? Uncontrolled diabetes in your baby; It can cause excessive growth (4 kilos and above), which can cause problems at birth. During the passage of a large baby through the birth canal, injury to the shoulder nerves, fracture of the collarbone, and rarely, brain damage due to lack of oxygen may develop. Sudden changes in blood sugar level occur after birth. The pediatrician may administer treatment for the sudden drop in blood sugar that may develop after delivery. May be overweight or obese in childhood or adulthood Obesity can lead to Type 2 diabetes mellitus
What are the negative effects of “gestational diabetes” on the expectant mother?
You have uncontrolled gestational diabetes; > It may cause you to have problems during delivery. It may cause cesarean delivery due to the large baby. The recovery period after cesarean section is longer than normal birth and can be problematic. In women with gestational diabetes, I also have high blood pressure, protein in the urine, swelling in the legs, feet, fingers and hands during pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia can also develop, which is a problem that shows signs of pre-eclampsia. Type 2 is called diabetes mellitus. Healthy nutrition and sports during pregnancy prevent diabetes… Plan a special meal for you with a dietitian or diabetes trainer. Learn how to eat to keep your blood sugar under control. Get active Exercise regularly before, during and after pregnancy. 5 days a week if your doctor approves. brisk walks for half an hour are beneficial > Do not forget that your blood sugar may drop and rise very quickly, depending on what you eat, how much exercise you do and your baby’s development, the sugar level can change many times during the day Check your sugar frequently. Learn the meaning of blood sugar level, how your meals and exercises should be, and how to adjust the dose if you use insulin. Stating that gestational diabetes, which usually disappears after delivery, may be permanent in patients with a family history of diabetes and in women who gave birth at an advanced age. Sağıroğlu states that 6-12 weeks after giving birth, mothers should reduce their pre-pregnancy weight and it is very important for them to reduce their body weight by 5% to 7%.