Generalized Anxiety Disorder

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is not just an emotion, it is also considered a sign of one’s humanity. Psychologists, psychiatrists, and biologists have recognized that anxiety also has beneficial functions, that it is necessary for the organism’s mobility in times of danger, as an expression of life-preservation and the escape reaction. Everyone worries from time to time, and that’s completely normal.

Anxiety is a cognitive process of anticipating possible negative consequences in the future. While there are many things that can cause anxiety, typically “what if” questions are common. Anxiety is about the future and is always negative. It occurs as a result of judgments that a situation is dangerous. Although the person knows the probability is very low, anxiety is catastrophic, that is, the person focuses on the worst possible scenario. One of the things that triggers anxiety is uncertainty. You are more likely to worry in unpredictable situations. There are many possibilities for what will happen, but you cannot know for sure what will happen. In daily life, situations such as work, family, health, and financial problems may cause anxiety, but this anxiety is mild and manageable.

So when is anxiety a problem?

We can consider the state of anxiety, excessiveness compared to the situation encountered, hindering the daily life of the person, and deterioration in the quality of life as a problem most days.

In Generalized Anxiety Disorder, there is excessive and uncontrollable anxiety about daily events that persists most days for at least 6 months. Whether there is a real reason or not, the person has difficulty in controlling the anxiety, has difficulty in controlling the constant thought that something bad will happen. The mind draws negative scenarios for the future, takes measures to prevent these scenarios, and as a result, the functionality of the person is greatly damaged. According to the DSM-5, three or more of the following six symptoms must be present in addition to anxiety and delusion for a diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder, whereas only one item is sufficient in children.

  • Restlessness, nervousness, or being constantly on edge

  • easy fatigue

  • Difficulty concentrating or mind blowing

  • don’t get angry easily

  • muscle tension

  • Sleeping disorders

GAD is a treatable disease, psychotherapy and/or drug treatment can be applied. Cognitive behavioral therapy method, which has been proven to be effective in anxiety disorders, is one of the most effective therapy methods. If you have an anxiety problem that has started to affect your daily life, you can consult a psychologist and get professional support.

 

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