gallstones

Gallbladder stones are a group of diseases that are quite common in the society and there is a lot of confusing information pollution about its treatment. In many cases, the diagnosis is made incidentally. It causes pain, which is generally seen on the back and is more common after meals, which is often confused with stomach pain. Many people use stomach medicine for a long time before coming to the doctor because they are confused with stomach pain and apply to the hospital after the disease becomes complicated. Since they can be confused with stomach complaints, ultrasonic examinations should be requested first to evaluate the gallbladder in patients with such complaints.

Well an ultrasound was done and a stone was detected in the gallbladder. What should be done then?

The common belief and belief in the society is not to touch it if it does not cause pain and not to have surgery if it does not cause a problem. However, this is an extremely wrong belief. The only treatment for gallstones is surgery, and all gallstones should be treated with surgery. Surgical treatment is recommended unless the person has a very serious condition (such as severe heart failure, lung failure) that prevents him from undergoing surgery. In the surgical treatment, the stones in the gallbladder are removed together with the stones.

What happens if I don’t have the surgery?

There are two possibilities.

  1. You may not have any problems for the rest of your life.

  2. You may encounter extremely risky and serious diseases such as gallbladder inflammation, gangrene, pancreatic gland inflammation, obstructive jaundice, liver inflammation and gallbladder cancer due to chronic irritation caused by the stone for many years. When such situations occur, you should know that your chance of closed surgery also decreases.

Is there a way to drop or melt the stone?

Unfortunately, today there is no medicine that will dissolve the stones in gallstones. Dropping stones is one of the most feared situations as physicians. Because the stones falling into the canal and blocking it, as I mentioned above, are the main cause of life-threatening situations. Gallstones should not be confused with kidney stones. A frequently asked question is whether drinks, some herbal cures work or not. It is necessary to disregard such alternative treatment methods, serious liver and kidney toxicity and diseases may occur in patients who often boil and drink unfamiliar herbs.

Will I have a deficiency when my gallbladder is removed?

The function of the gallbladder is to store the bile secreted by the liver between meals and to empty it into the intestine for fat digestion with the meal. Many of our patients who underwent surgery do not feel any deficiency after the operation, since the bladder is already full of stones and the bladder cannot see its functions. However, some of our patients may complain of bloating in the first 2 months after the operation, especially after a fatty diet, and it disappears over time.

Is there a diet I should follow after the surgery?

First of all, we need to know the function of saffron. The main task of bile is the digestion of fats. The more fatty food we eat, the stronger our gallbladder will contract. That’s why we recommend our patients with gallbladder stones to stay away from high-fat meals, fried foods and especially eggs until surgery. The reason for this is to prevent the stones in the strongly contracting pouch from causing conditions such as pain and jaundice by blocking the canal. However, there is no need for an additional diet other than low-fat meals for the first 2 months after the surgery.

How is the surgery done?

Today, the gold standard is laparoscopic (closed) surgeries. In this surgical technique, the gallbladder is removed with a camera using holes of 1 cm in diameter. It is comfortable for both the patient and the surgeon. It is earlier for the patient to stand up and return to his normal life. For the surgeon, a finer and more careful dissection of the tissues is possible. Because in this method, the camera image allows the tissues to be seen 2-3 times larger than normal and in detail.

I had abdominal surgery before, can I still have closed surgery?

Although the chance of closed surgery is reduced due to intra-abdominal adhesions in patients who have previously undergone abdominal surgery, it is possible to perform closed surgery with careful surgery in many patients. However, the patient should also know that open surgery can be performed while undergoing surgery. When can I return to my normal life and work after the surgery?

After closed gallbladder operations, as long as no complications develop, the person can return to his daily life and work if he does not lift heavy loads from the 3rd day of the operation. This period is 1 week for those who work in heavy jobs.

What will my controls be like after the surgery?

Unless the person has a complaint, the patient is not called for control.

When can I take a bath, when can I swim?

From the 2nd day of the operation, if there is no discharge or redness in the wound, a bath can be made and if there is no wound problem after 2 weeks, you can swim in the sea. Stitches are removed on the 7th postoperative day.

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