Gallbladder Surgery

What is the Gallbladder?

The gallbladder is an organ of the digestive system, the size of which is similar to a tea glass, the back of which is attached to the liver. The gallbladder is not involved in the production of bile. In order to facilitate the digestion of fatty foods, it empties the stored bile into the 12 finger intestines.

Why Do Gallstones Occur?

There are different reasons for the formation of gallstones. Cholesterol stones often develop. An increase in the cholesterol ratio in the bile may cause biliary sludge and stones. Infections that develop in the biliary tract can also lead to gallstones. Gallstones can also develop in blood diseases where there is excessive destruction of blood cells.

Who Occurs Gallstones?

Gallstones are more common in people with a family history of gallstones. Gallstones are more common in women. Gallstones may develop more frequently in those with blood diseases, liver disease and those who have undergone gastric surgery.

What Are the Symptoms of Gallstones?

One of the most common diseases of the digestive system, gallbladder stones, especially after meals, is the most important symptom of abdominal pain. Severe pain develops in the upper right side of the abdomen. It can also cause indigestion and gas.

What are the Gallstone Treatment Methods?

The treatment of gallstone disease is surgery. If the gallbladder stone has fallen into the main bile duct, this stone should be removed with ERCP. Treatment can be performed with laparoscopic (closed), open and robotic surgery.

Can Anyone Have Laparoscopic Gallbladder Surgery Surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery can be applied to anyone if there is no contraindication in terms of surgery and anesthesia. However, it may not be performed due to reasons such as previous abdominal surgery, use of blood thinners, insufficient lung and heart capacity in terms of laparoscopy, the patient’s reluctance for laparoscopy, and anatomical difficulties.

Are there complications after gallbladder surgery?

During gallbladder surgery, serious complications such as bleeding, injury to the abdominal organs and injury to the biliary tract may develop. Therefore, the experience of the surgeon is the most important criterion in the prevention of complications.

What happens if gallstones are not operated?

If gallstones are not treated, it can lead to serious complications such as gallbladder inflammation, main bile duct obstruction, pancreatitis, and gallbladder perforation.

Are there risks to gallbladder surgery?

Gallbladder surgery, like any surgery, has some risks.

Is it necessary to have gallbladder surgery?

If gallbladder diseases cannot be treated with medical treatment, surgical treatment may be required.

Is the gallbladder removed in closed gallbladder surgery?

Cholecystectomy is performed in closed and open gallbladder stone surgeries. In other words, the surgical procedure performed in both methods is the same. In closed, that is, laparoscopic surgery, this operation can be performed through small holes opened in the abdomen.

What should be considered after closed gallbladder surgery?

It is useful to make some changes in eating and drinking habits in the early period. It would be better not to consume high-fat and large amounts of food in the first week. In order to heal the trocar entrance holes and prevent hernia from developing in this area, it would be correct not to lift excessive weights in the early period.

When does gas pass after laparoscopic gallbladder surgery?

These types of complaints usually vary from person to person. In general, relief is expected in these complaints within 3-5 days.

When to have sexual intercourse after laparoscopic gallbladder surgery?

There is no obstacle to sexual intercourse after surgery, but in this case it varies according to the person.

Will there be any scars after laparoscopic gallbladder surgery?

The largest incision in laparoscopic surgery is 1 cm. Due to the nature of the process, the scar is minimal. Usually, there is no obvious scar.

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