There are several reasons for the formation of stones in the gallbladder: condensation of bile content and precipitation of this density, inflammation of the gallbladder and its surroundings, some blood diseases (such as spherocytosis), and obstructions that cause slowing of bile flow. There are also some risk factors for gallstone formation: Being a woman, being over 40 years old, being overweight, having these diseases in the family, high cholesterol levels.
Gallstones cause complaints such as indigestion, nausea, abdominal pain, bloating, belching, especially after meals. If stones are detected in the gallbladder in a person with these complaints, the source of the complaint is gallstones. There may be other causes of indigestion. Sometimes the patient’s complaints suggest more stomach discomfort. In this case, gastroscopy can be performed to check the stomach before surgery. If the patient’s complaints have not resolved after the operation, gastroscopy should be performed again.
If gallstones are detected in a person, the treatment is surgery. As with kidney stones, there are no treatment methods such as breaking and dropping.
What happens if I don’t have surgery?
First of all, the complaint of indigestion continues. Worse, if the stones are small enough (a few millimeters) to leave the gallbladder and fall into the biliary tract, they cause obstruction in the bile duct, thus causing severe pain and jaundice. Slightly larger ones block the outlet of the gallbladder, causing swelling and inflammation of the gallbladder and even the bursting of the gallbladder; These conditions require emergency surgery. The most feared possibility in gallstones is that the stone inflames the pancreatic gland. When the pancreatic gland becomes inflamed, the situation can become very confusing and fatal.
Do I need to be treated even if I do not have a complaint due to these stones?
Although this is controversial, it is more advantageous to perform the surgery early if heart and lung diseases develop as age progresses, the gallbladder starts to cause problems and the risk of gallbladder surgery will increase as soon as surgery becomes necessary. However, even if there are no complaints in diabetic patients, the surgery should be performed in the early period.
As a result, when a stone is detected in the gallbladder, it is the best option not to neglect it. It is recommended that patients with the above-mentioned complaints suspect their gallbladder and apply to a health institution. Since it is an easy condition to diagnose, it is always good to take early precautions in order not to face troublesome situations that may occur in the future. I wish you healthy days…