Freudian Dream Interpretations

Singmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, stated that dreams cannot be recognized by the transformation of impulses and desires, which are not allowed to be directly satisfied due to their content not approved by the superego or self-ideal, and that they have symbolic satisfaction functions.

There is a lot of evidence in current studies that confirms Freud’s concept of the unconscious.

Plato, one of the ancient Greek philosophers, in his interpretation of dreams very similar to Freud ‘what we want to explain is that there are excessive and uncontrollable impulses in all people, including those who seem healthy and balanced. These impulses occur with our dreams.

Artemidor of Daldis, on the other hand, mentioned the language of symbols for the first time in his ‘dream book’ and made empirical explanations of some symbols in dreams.

Unlike his predecessors, Freud stated that dreams foretell the past, not the future. Freud’s theory of dreams can be briefly summarized as “dreams are unconscious psychic activities that occur during sleep”.

The reason the Freud unconscious content is here is because that content, or impulses, memories, and wishes, are things that are not so well approved by the superego or the self-ideal. So basically using suppression this unwanted content is kept unconscious. This content, whose emotional energies never disappear, constantly tries to provide satisfaction. Slips, neurotic symptoms, and dreams, according to Freud, are somewhat disfigured images of unconscious content. Impulses and desires, which are not directly revealed or satisfied, change their shape and provide satisfaction in a more unrecognizable and symbolic way, thus reducing the psychological tension.

Freud called dreams ‘sleep watchdogs’ and stated that sleep is a state in which the mind is rested and consciousness is temporarily minimized. In the sleep state, the ego allows unconscious content to seep into consciousness. However, since this content will cause anxiety when it is directly conscious, dreams that provide symbolic satisfaction of the unconscious content come into play at this point. According to Freud, every dream aims to satisfy an unconscious desire. If this satisfaction is direct or overt, it will cause anxiety and the person will wake up. Therefore, satisfaction has to be symbolic. In this way, both mental tension is reduced and sleep is maintained. In a way, dreams are also the safety valves of the mind, in which the burden of unconscious spiritual energy is reduced. As a result, dreams take on the task of maintaining the state of sleep and satisfying, in disguise, unconscious desires with increased energy. Today, Freud’s assumption that dreams aim to satisfy a desire is also supported by sleep studies. Studies have shown that during REM sleep, Taşkın EO, Aydemir Ö. Freudian dream interpretation and traditional dream interpretations. 3P Magazine, 2004; 12 (4): 317-326 5 showed a high degree of activation in the considered constructs. In line with these results, the assumption of the satisfaction of the unconscious content, which forms the basis of Freud’s dream theory, has been confirmed.

Freud stated that for a dream to occur, there must first be an unconscious stimulus. The reason why this stimulus tries to appear in the dream that night to satisfy is the daytime experiences that activate these impulses for that night. When daytime experiences remain unconscious, reminding them of unsatisfied desires or impulses, they begin to rise towards the layers closer to the conscious, or in other words, their unconscious energy increases. Since they are forbidden desires, they continue to remain unconscious with the effect of the suppression defense mechanism. But in order for the increased energy to be discharged, they must be discharged, albeit for a short time. This is where dreams come into play. Conscious experiences experienced during the daytime open the doors of the subconscious world by activating the unconscious. Recent studies prove Freud’s view. It has been proven that the content of dreams is emotionally linked to the person’s current problems and daily problems to the past experiences recorded in the memory.

Symbolization in Dreams: Forbidden contents in our unconscious come to our consciousness unrecognizable by being distorted so that they do not cause anxiety. This distortion is symbolism, condensation, displacement, and omission. As dream-processing, we see that Freud actually named these features as general features of the unconscious or primary thought processes. The most important role in providing symbolic satisfaction of impulses or wishes is to interpret dreams with the language of symbols.

A symbol in a dream can have multiple meanings. Too many emotions or thoughts can be combined in one symbol due to concentration. Unconsciously close or similar impulses or desires use the same symbols. Thus, more than one forbidden impulse can be satisfied.

Freud stated that the most primitive infantile materials can be seen in dreams. Our most primitive side is the collective unconscious. Since the processes here are similar in all people, the meanings of the symbols should also be similar. In other words, the symbolization in dreams is the product of our collective unconscious.

According to Freud, although the meanings of symbols are known, it is wrong to use them directly. Instead, it should be evaluated with the free association of the dreamer. The basis of symbol interpretation is association. It is possible to reach more than one interpretation while interpreting the dream due to the resistances and the satisfaction of more than one forbidden impulse or desire in the dream. For this, the associations of the dreamer are vital. Based on all these results, it would not be right to make a single comment about dreams.

It is formed as an unconscious layer in psychoanalytic theory. As it goes deeper into the unconscious, it turns into a commonality between the meanings of symbols and, in the deepest, a common content for all people.

Traditional dream interpretations are the common culture element, and culture is the superego. Here, the meanings of the contents here are prohibited by the superego as objectionable.

Comparison of Symbols: As we just mentioned, it will be common to find similarities as you dig deeper. Swimming in traditional dream interpretations; While adopting interpretations such as peace, comfort and happiness, it can coincide with the desire to return to the happy and beautiful place in the mother’s womb, in psychoanalysis. While tooth extraction triggers castration anxiety in psychodynamic interpretation, it evokes death in traditional interpretations. Both mean loss.

In Freud’s dream theory, the most common reason for using sexual organs or sexuality is because the most suppressed impulses are sexual impulses. As a result of this suppression, there are many symbols related to the genitals and sexuality.

The symbols that Freud used instead of the penis (sword, wedge, gun, bird) include power concepts such as success and trust. In addition, his loss was interpreted as a loss of power. These comments are quite similar to the classical interpretations. Again, Freud’s use of ‘doing work’ symbolizes sexual intercourse. To this we can present the similarities of the words ‘work-wife’ and ‘wife’ (English work-wife in addition to some languages). Some symbols are also identified with love-marriage, such as hat-tie-key.

Both in our language, Turkish and in other languages, slang carries a lot of symbols from the unconscious. In particular, fruit names have been words that refer to femininity (peach, apple, watermelon, etc.).

Results: If we consider our examples, when we look at the symbol interpretations in traditional dream interpretations, we see that the symbols are briefly mentioned and that the forbidden impulses are idealized by the superego and the ego and explained in this way. Traditional dream expressions and slang derive their source from the unconscious. Slang assumes the discharge of repressed neurotic emotions. Unlike traditional dream expressions, there are no shame and forbidden concepts in slang.

One of the important reasons why traditional dream interpretations are so common is that they meet an important need. In this way, individuals can convey their desires and desires that are waiting for satisfaction to their interlocutors in an implicit and appropriate manner.

Traditional Interpretation of Symbols

Knife: It represents power. A sharp knife is success, a blunt knife is a hindrance to success. Breaking the knife means loss of power, that is, defeat.

Sword:It has similar meanings to the knife.

Firearms:It carries meanings such as power, success, superiority.

Pen : Knowledge means learning. If the pen suddenly breaks, it means that things will go wrong.

Tie: Having a job or getting married for a man. Taking off a tie means separation.

Umbrella: A closed umbrella means business. If the umbrella is torn, it means that things will go wrong.

Fountain: Seeing water gushing from the fountain is joyous news. If the person is in love, he will be happy with his lover.

Snake: All snakes represent the enemy. Venomous snakes are the most dangerous enemies.

Cap:Everything worn on the head is interpreted as good deed and fortune.

Key:It means new hope and opportunity.

Child: A good-looking baby is good news. A bad-looking baby, on the other hand, connotes bad.

January: A burning stove symbolizes a successful and profitable business. Going out of a burning stove means difficulty.

Cave: It means secret and mysterious events. Finding something in a dark cave means trouble. Getting lost in a cave is interpreted as a life-long disaster. The person who passes from one cave to another is on the way of learning science.

Cabinet: It represents an unknown purpose. Anyone who opens a closet door will start a new business.

Bakery:An oven filled with bread signifies abundance.

Garden: One who wanders in a beautiful garden will find success in love and business. One who wanders in a pale and neglected garden will be disappointed.

Book: It represents one’s life. The life of a person who reads a new book changes. If the book is torn or messy, the person is in a difficult situation because of an old evil.

Table: A beautiful table means that one will win both in love and in business. The person who is invited to a table will make a new marriage.

Mussel:It represents haram gain and bad relationship.

Fruits: They bring good news. In addition, bad and stale fruits mean disappointment.

Apple: A beautifully colored fresh apple means success. Collecting apples means achieving the desired success.

Peach: Buying a peach means marrying a wealthy person. A blooming peach tree is happiness.

Balcony:It is peace and comfort.

To ride a horse: Fortune, success and happiness. If the horse is big and strong, it will be great in happiness.

To eat: It is interpreted as gospel and beauty. Sour dishes symbolize haram earnings.

Climbing the Stairs:Climbing the stairs is interpreted as success and going down the stairs is interpreted as failure.

Playing a Musical Instrument:A person will achieve success by his own effort.

Fly: The person who sees that he is flying in a dream will experience pleasurable events. If the checker is single, he marries.

Hair loss:It indicates that troubles will come soon.

Blinding:The blind person will have great trouble with love.

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