Frequently asked Questions

Why are my joints so stiff? What can I do?

With aging, your articular cartilage starts to dry and harden by losing its water like a sponge dries up. Joint fluid is also reduced. When you sleep for a few hours at night, this liquid cannot wet your cartilage and joint, and when you wake up, your joints feel stiff. The best way to get rid of this is to increase the amount of joint fluid by increasing your movement throughout the day. In addition to drying, articular cartilage can also deform and atrophy as a result of repetitive daily traumas. As a result, the bones that make up the joint come closer to each other and even begin to rub, as the cartilage becomes thinner and almost disappears. As a result, a stiff, stiff, swollen joint may develop. In fact, this condition is osteoarthritis.

How to treat osteoarthritis?

Treating osteoarthritis starts with reducing the pain it causes. Over-the-counter pain relievers from pharmacies may be beneficial in the short term. However, if there is no complete relief, it is useful to see a rheumatologist. Your doctor may give injections to increase joint fluid. You can also apply an elastic bandage to your joint. However, it is important that we do not squeeze too much and disturb the circulation and do not weaken your muscles by holding them for long periods of time. When some patients cannot fully relax in this regard, it may be necessary to make joint arrangements with surgery or even to wear a prosthetic joint.

What are the other causes of joint stiffness?

. Rheumatoid arthritis: It is the most common inflammatory arthritis (see rheumatoid arthritis for its features), joint stiffness and stiffness can last more than 1 hour in the morning or even all day. Taking a warm bath and using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may be necessary for joint relief.

. Ankylosing spondylitis

. Gout

. Infectious arthritis

. psoriatic arthritis

. Collagen tissue diseases

Does your grandmother know from her knees that it’s going to rain?

Yes, your grandmother can predict correctly that it will rain by mechanisms that we doctors are not quite sure about. The most widely accepted mechanism is the barometric effect on the joint fluid caused by the increased air pressure with air changes.

What is fibromyalgia?

It is a chronic condition that causes joint and muscle pain. It comes with sleep, mental state, memory problems. Scientists think that in fibromyalgia, our brain perceives pain signals as normal but makes them worse. They are still investigating why and how he did this. Usually, this condition occurs after illness, surgery, or some other form of intense stress. There is actually no damage to your joint and muscle tissue, but there are signs. There is no definitive treatment yet. Over-the-counter pain relievers can relieve your pain. A physical therapist can teach you specific exercises that will relax you. Gentle exercises such as yoga, tai chi, and deep breathing exercises that will provide relaxation can benefit by stretching, lengthening and strengthening your muscles and tendons.

What are bursitis and tendinitis?

They are the two most common forms of inflammation. They usually develop over time as a result of overuse or abuse of the joint.

Bursitis: There are cushions called bursa, which are filled with fluid between the bones and other moving parts. For the reasons I mentioned above, the inflammation of these pads is called “bursitis”.

Tendinitis: The areas where the muscles attach to the bone are called tendons, and the inflammation of these areas is “Tendinitis”.

Both of these conditions are easy to treat. They can fully recover. Joint rest and using an over-the-counter pain reliever are the first steps. If you don’t get relief, your doctor may give you a splint and recommend applying ice. He recommends following some exercises as well. If you are still not relieved, he may inject into the bursa or tendon area. As a result, pain and swelling regress.

What exercises should I do to relieve joint stiffness and relax my joint?

Gardening or walking a few streets in the afternoon is very beneficial. Your muscles get stronger. Your joints and bones become stronger. Your balance will become better and you can control weight by burning calories. However, it is very important to start without exaggerating and gradually increase the tempo.

If even the slightest exercise increases stiffness, you should definitely inform your doctor about it, and do not delay it, thinking that it will pass.

What can you do if your joints are very stiff in the morning?

You can take a warm shower or bath. With the heat, the blood supply of that area and accordingly the oxygenation increase, so the solidified places relax. You can also put heated towels or non-hot water bags over the stiff joint area. It is enough to hold it for 15-20 minutes.

How and when can you do the cold application?

If your joint is swollen and you cannot move it after the trauma, you can put a cold water bag on the aching area for 15-20 minutes, and vegetables such as winter peas that you have frozen in the freezer. What you need to pay attention to is not to cause “cold burns” by putting them directly on the skin, but to wrap them in a kitchen towel. In this way, the blood vessels in the traumatized area shrink, the blood flow to that area slows down and joint swelling decreases. If you can stand it and appropriate, you can also immerse the injured area in ice water.

However, you should definitely contact your doctor in the following cases:

. If there is a lot of pain

. If you have general body trauma

. If the shape of the joint has changed

. If you cannot use the joint

. Your joint is suddenly extremely swollen and continues to swell

. If you can’t even put your finger on it, it hurts a lot

. If the skin is red, hot, and painful to the touch

. If more than 3 days have passed and your joint is not relieved, or if it has recurred several times within a month

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