1- WHAT IS FLU
Influenza, also known as Influenza, is an acute and contagious infection of the respiratory tract.
It occurs with 3 types of Mixovirus influenza.
During the winter months with Pandemics (a region or continent) or Epidemics (can travel the world),
occurs especially in cold weather
When epidemics occur, it reaches its highest level in 2-3 weeks and subsides within 1 month.
2-WHY IT OCCUR IN WINTER
Reduced body resistance in cold weather, closed places such as kindergartens, school, cinema
and droplet infection to the environment of people in public transportation vehicles.
The disease is more common in the winter months because they transmit influenza more easily.
3- WE KNOW HOW WE HAVE THE FLU
Influenza after an incubation period of 24-48 hours
Sudden Chills, chills, Fever rising to 38-40 degrees
Muscle and back pain (especially as back, rib and low back pain)
pharyngitis, sore throat
It occurs with tearing in the eyes.
The symptoms regress within a few days, but fatigue, weakness and cough persist for a few days.
it can continue.
Young children may experience swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck.
In some cases, cough, weakness and fatigue may persist for a long time.
4- WHO CATCHES THE FLU
Although there is a high chance of catching the flu in every part of the society,
young children, people with compromised immune systems, and healthcare professionals who have frequent contact with patients.
staff are more at risk of contracting the flu.
5- WHAT ARE THE TRANSACTION ROUTES
What we call flu droplet infection, saliva droplets and the person opposite the person
infection, or the use of a glass from which the sick person drinks, or the use of hands and
It spreads by infecting the other person as a result of not washing his face.
6- WHAT CAN BE DONE TO AVOID catching the flu
A person with the flu should rest at home, if possible, use public transport and
Not using crowded places used by the community. Wearing a mask, hand and face
It needs to be washed and kept clean.
taking plenty of fluids
decongestant nasal drops to clear blocked nostrils
If bacteria are involved, that is, if there is a purulent or mucopurulent nasal discharge
Penicillin group antibiotics will be suitable (after culture and antibiogram are done)
7- WHAT TO AVOID EXPOSURE TO FLU MICROBE IN MASS AREAS
MUST BE DONE
As mentioned above, when there is a flu epidemic, you should either not go to public areas or try to protect yourself by wearing a mask.
8-WHAT IS THE HAZARD SIZE OF THE FLU?
Although the disease concerns all ages, it is common in young children with chronic diseases.
It can be dangerous and fatal in the elderly.
In the Pandemic that occurred in 1918, 20 million people died.
Pandemics seen in 1957, 1968 and 1978 started from China to the whole world.
There are 3 types of Mixovirus influenza.
The disease either occurs in a continent or region (epidemic) or may travel the Earth
The most important feature of the virus is its ability to show antigenic changes.
The virus settles in the respiratory tract epithelium, causing inflammation and epithelial destruction.
9- HOW TO KEEP A PERSON IN THE FAMILY NOT TO TRANSMIT OTHERS WITH FLU?
PRECAUTIONS MUST BE TAKEN
Paying attention to hand and face cleaning
Not using glasses, plates, forks, etc. used by sick people
Not kissing sick people
Avoiding close contact
Wearing a mask
10- WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT METHODS
Antipyretic analgesics (pain relievers), Decongestant nasal drops, as needed
Cough medicines, antibiotics, plenty of water and bed rest, vaccination in children and the elderly
11-Can you give me information about the flu vaccine?
Patients at risk for influenza, immunocompromised patients, the elderly, healthcare
personnel are recommended to be vaccinated towards autumn each year.
The vaccine applied is prepared with the virus of a year ago and is 75% protective.
Since the vaccine is prepared in chicken embryos, people who are allergic to chicken and eggs
should not be applied.
12- DISCLAIM DISEASES RELATED TO SIDE EFFECTS IN THOSE WHO HAVE THE FLU VACCINE
IT IS BROUGHT ( LIKE A RUNNING FROM FRESH AND SIMILAR) AND THIS
THE COMPLAINTS ALLEGED TO CONTINUE THROUGH THE WINTER
WHAT ARE THE REASONS?
As I mentioned above, the flu vaccine is prepared in chicken embryos.
Application in people with chicken and egg allergy may cause allergic reactions.
Other side effects of the flu vaccine are:
Sensitivity at the vaccination site
Fatigue, Adele pains
Rarely are muscle cramps
13- DOES THE EFFECT OF THE FLU VACCINE PROTECTION FROM THE FLU DIFFER BY PERSON?
Absolutely yes, and it may not even be effective at all. Because the vaccine is from the virus of a year ago.
is being prepared. Influenza virus is also a virus that changes shape very quickly. therefore
with the vaccine antigen prepared for the influenza virus of one year ago, type one year later
changes and the vaccine is not always effective.
14- IS IT POSSIBLE TO SAY THAT A PERSON WHO HAS THE FLU VACCINATION CANNOT BE CATCHED?
Not possible as I explained. Influenza virus is a traveler traveling the world.
is a virus. The disease, which started from China, returns to Europe, from there to America and again to China.
In other words, the virus that emerged as A1 in China became A2 in Europe and A3 type Virus when it came to America.
can return. For this reason, it is not always possible to get definite results from the vaccine.