First Milestone of Life 1 Year

With the first birthday, the transition period from infancy to childhood begins. 1 year old child’s comprehension, comprehension, and communication skills with adults are progressed. The ability to move increases. He started to crawl faster and walk slowly now. First words, first steps take place around 1 year old. Along with walking, he begins to explore his surroundings more and learns something new every day. Says a few words. It makes various sounds. He imitates the sounds he hears. He understands more than he can speak. He is meaningfully interested in pictures, colored objects, objects that make sounds that he can control, and realizes that he can control all these objects.

A 1-year-old begins to realize that he can control the outside world. Now, in addition to meeting basic care needs, it is necessary to create environments and provide opportunities for them to explore and learn. With the age of 1, rules should be started to be set gradually. The child who gains freedom of movement constantly wants to explore new places, shuffle cabinets and drawers, crumple and tear the papers he finds, and play with household items. He is not aware of the danger, he acts in behaviors that may put him in danger. For this reason, the need to set rules arises when the child starts to crawl. The most common method parents use is to say “don’t” or even get angry. Instead, it is necessary to say “No, it can’t be done” and take various safety precautions such as hanging locks on cabinet doors, putting items that could endanger the child’s life out of reach. At this age, the child does not fully understand that the rule is the rule. For this reason, it is appropriate to reinforce the desired behaviors by saying “well done” and applauding, and to extinguish the unwanted behaviors by saying “no” and sometimes ignoring them. The most important advantage of this age is that the attention of the child can be easily directed in the desired direction. In other words, when the child turns to an object that is inappropriate or may harm him, his interest may be drawn to another object or activity. Curiosity is one of the most important characteristics of this age. While trying to prevent the child, his curiosity should not be extinguished. Appropriate play materials should be provided for his efforts to explore the outside world and his curiosity should be satisfied. The way of education and approach to the child in this period causes the formation of feelings of trust or insecurity in the child. In the first year, the baby learns to trust. She knows that her mother is with her in every situation and circumstance, that she will meet all her needs, and she has the confidence of this. For this reason, it is known that mothers who cannot establish close and healthy communication with their babies in the first year cannot maintain a secure relationship with their children in the following years. The feeling of trust between the mother and the baby also forms the basis of the relationships that the person will establish with others in the future. Around the age of one, the child is expected to feel the comfort of trusting the mother. Along with this, relief is seen in the mother. While there was a cohesive relationship before, due to the fact that the mother felt the security of her presence at the age of one, her tolerance for being apart from her mother for a longer period of time increased.

Language development:

A one-year-old enjoys being with people and listening to what is being said. At the age of 1, the first meaningful words appear. He tries to imitate the sounds he hears. Says some words differently. Says “this” instead of “water”. Sometimes, instead of saying the word, he may prefer to use the symbol that expresses it. For example, “dut dut” instead of car, “atta” instead of walking. Adults like this kind of half-and-baby talk, so they use the same words and sounds when talking to the child. However, adults’ adoption and use of these symbols delays the use of the word’s true form. For this reason, it is important for language development that the child always hears the true form of the word from the adult.

The Importance of Being a Model:

Parental behavior in this period is very important, as a 1-year-old child examines his surroundings more carefully. It tries to imitate many behaviors. He takes the parents and the person who takes care of him as a model and tries to do what they do. The child learns appropriate and inappropriate behaviors through modeling behavior. Begins to imitate expressions of emotion. He carefully examines and imitates how parents show love and anger. Throwing and hitting behaviors seen in this period generally occur as a result of imitation of parental behaviors.

Game and Toy:

1 year old child throws the shapes from the appropriate holes, puts the objects inside each other and on top of each other. Behaviors such as clapping and waving. He immediately finds a toy he sees hiding. He can start playing ball against each other. At this age, buckets with different shapes, nesting cups, rings arranged from large to small, one-piece puzzles, toys and books that make a sound under pressure, push and push toys that the child can use on their own are materials that can be used to support language, cognitive and motor skills.

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