Filling Treatment Purpose of Conservative Dental Treatment
Cleaning of tooth decays and the resulting cavity (cavity) It is filled with an artificial filling material. Today, dental caries is defined as a disease that occurs in dental tissues due to more than one reason.
Causes of Dental Caries;
- bacterial plaque
- Intrinsic factors (Tooth structure, composition of saliva, etc.)
- carbohydrate foods (Sugar, flour etc.)
- Time (Retention time of food in the mouth)
Bacterial plaque formed by bacteria in the mouth can form acid from the residues of sugary and floury foods in the mouth. These acids dissolve the mineral tissue of the tooth and cause the formation of cavities on the tooth, which we call cavities by destroying the enamel of the tooth.
Diagnosis and Diagnostic Methods
Dental caries can occur on the chewing surface of the teeth, at the interfaces of the teeth, or in the neck areas of the teeth. Browning or cavities on visible surfaces are easy to detect. However, x-ray diagnosis is also necessary in caries that have not produced these symptoms.
If the decay that starts in the enamel tissue of the tooth is not treated, it progresses to the dentin tissue. Dentin is a structure that dissolves more easily than enamel and therefore caries progression is rapid. In a caries that has reached the dentin tissue, the patient may have hot, cold, sour, sweet sensitivity as a result of a factor. This pain goes away when the factor is removed.
If the pain has become continuous, the carious tooth has advanced to the pulp layer where the vascular-nerve package is collected and root canal treatment is required.
Treatment Methods Composite Filling
It is a plastic mixture containing silicon dioxide particles. It is not noticeable on the tooth with its various color options and is also called aesthetic-white filling. The material, which was used only in the anterior teeth for a period, was strengthened by various methods and made suitable for the posterior teeth as well. The filling material placed on the tooth using a special bonding agent is hardened with a light device and polished in the same session.
Impressions are taken from the cavity prepared in porcelain fillings and sent to the laboratory. When the patient comes to the next session, the polished porcelain filling is adhered to the cavity.
An alloy of silver, tin and copper 45-50% It is formed by mixing it with mercury. After the cavity cleaned from caries is filled with amalgam filling material, it is recommended not to use that area for two hours and not to chew anything hard for 24 hours. After 24 hours, the well-hardened filling is polished.