Factors affecting the success of pneumatic retinopexy in the treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Objective: To present the factors affecting the success of pneumatic retinopexy. Methods: Ninety eyes of 29 female and 61 male patients were included in the study. Patients’ age, gender, duration of symptoms, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at presentation, lens status, preoperative tear number and location, detachment size, macular involvement, tamponade given, presence of complications, and anatomical success data preoperatively, pneumatic retinopexy evaluated at the 3rd month and at the last follow-up. Results: Single application success was found in 55 (61.1%) patients. At admission, 3 months after pneumatic retinopexy, and at the last examination, the median BCVA values ​​were 1.3 Logmar, 0.5 Logmar, and 0.6 Logmar, respectively (p<0.001). There was no statistically significant relationship between the anatomical success of a single application at 3 months and age, symptom duration, detachment quadrant size, tamponade used, preoperative BCVA, macular involvement, number of preoperative tears, presence of complications and specific complications. There was a statistically significant difference between the size of the detachment and anatomical success (p=0.03). Conclusion: Pneumatic retinopexy is an anatomically and functionally successful treatment option that can be tried in the appropriate patient group. More successful results were obtained in detachments under three watch faces.

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