What Happens to the Percentage During Aging?
- The tissues hang down due to gravity. This effect is more pronounced in thick skin. Eyebrows, upper eyelids, cheeks and neck are the structures most affected by gravity. As we age, our eyebrows and upper lids pile down, cheeks hang down, and the lines from the nose to the lips deepen. Stacks begin at the edge of the jawbone, the neck skin relaxes and the jowl becomes more pronounced.
- Facial soft tissue loss occurs. Due to the loss of subcutaneous tissue, the skin becomes thinner, the cheeks lose their fullness, the eyes go into the hollow, the under-eye bags become evident, the mid-face area becomes flattened. While the midface loses its fullness, the facial skin is piled on the chin edges. The face, which is oval when young, becomes round over time and then takes a rectangular shape.
- Skin aging begins. The skin becomes thinner and loses its elasticity. Especially due to sunlight, spots on the face and skin lesions that may turn into cancer in the future occur. With the effect of mimic muscles, mimic lines mostly appear around the eyes, between the eyebrows and on the forehead.
Is It Possible to Delay Facial Aging?
Perhaps the most important factor determining aging is genetics. A person with a good genetic structure ages late even if the environmental conditions are bad. Apart from this, racial characteristics are important. While sagging due to gravity is observed more in the Mediterranean race with thick skin, wrinkles are more prominent in the thin-skinned blond Northern Europeans. The factors that a person can control about aging are: sleeping regularly, eating well, staying away from the sun, consuming plenty of fluids, not smoking, not consuming too much alcohol, staying away from stress, living in a clean environment, avoiding excessive makeup, using regular moisturizers and skin care products. .
Facial Rejuvenation Procedures
Facial rejuvenation procedures are the general name given to a series of surgical and non-surgical procedures aimed at eliminating facial scars due to aging.
Non-Surgical Facial Rejuvenation Procedures
Non-surgical rejuvenation procedures include suspension procedures, skin peeling, botulinum toxin and filler applications.
- Hanging method with rope; Eyebrows, mid-face area and neck can be hung with hangers made with closed method and special threads. They are effective on light sagging. The duration of action is variable according to the material used. The effect of fusible threads lasts about 1.5 – 2 years. Suspension made with non-melting, silicone-coated threads lasts much longer. They are suitable methods for patients who are thought to be too early for surgery and for patients who do not want surgery. They are applied under local anesthesia and the recovery period after the procedure is very short.
- The purpose of skin peeling processes is to remove the stained, damaged and wrinkled upper layer of the skin and replace it with a new and fresh skin. This process is performed either by mechanical sanding of the skin (dermabrasion), or by peeling by burning with various acids (chemical peeling, chemical peeling), or by peeling with the help of laser beams.
- Lasers and other light treatments not only exfoliate the skin, but also stimulate the production of subcutaneous collagen, thereby thickening and rejuvenating the skin.
- The purpose of botulinum toxin applications is to deactivate the mimic muscles, to prevent the formation of mimic lines and to delay their deepening. It is mostly applied to the upper part of the face. It is very effective in crow’s feet around the eyes, vertical lines between the eyebrows and horizontal lines on the forehead.
- Various fillers are used to fill deep wrinkles on the face, to replace the loss of volume in the middle face, to clarify facial contours, and to plump the lips. While adipose tissue taken from the patient is preferred in large areas, ready-made fillers are applied for smaller areas. Among them, the most commonly used substance called hyaluronic acid is found in the connective tissue between cells in the body.
- Light sources (IPL) systems such as BBL non-peeling lasers, radiofrequency. These systems trigger collagen synthesis and elastin by stimulating cells called fibroblasts in the skin. These provide tightening of the skin and improvement in skin quality.
What are Facial Rejuvenation Surgeries?
We divide facial rejuvenation surgeries into three:
Upper facial rejuvenation:
Forehead, temples, eyebrows and upper eyelids. In this region, lifting operations are performed for sagging caused by gravity. These include endoscopic and open forehead lift procedures, temple lift, eyebrow lift, eyebrow suspensions, upper eyelid surgery (upper blepharoplasty).
Lower eyelids, cheeks and cheekbones. The aim in this area is to correct the deteriorated lower eyelid-cheek relationship, to move the drooping cheek up and to replace the soft tissue loss. These procedures include lower eyelid surgery (lower blepharoplasty), endoscopic mid-face lift, lower eyelid mid-face lift, mid-face straps, fat injections and fillers.
Lower face and neck lift:
chin edges, lower lips and neck. The aim in this area is to lift the sagging face up with the effect of gravity, to correct the jowls formed on the jawbone, to remove excess fat in the neck and to stretch the neck. These procedures include face and neck lift surgeries and longitudinal liposuction.