Significant skin laxity and sagging cause complaints of heaviness around the eyes, eyebrows, forehead pain, eyelashes in the visual axis, and consequently a decrease in the upper visual field. Baggage around the eyes and excess skin are removed with an eyelid aesthetic operation called ‘blepharoplasty’.
Low Eyelid (Ptosis): The drooping of the upper eyelid is called ‘ptosis’. Lid droop can be seen at any age. The treatment is surgery.
Turning Inwards of the Lids (Entropin): Entropion usually occurs in the lower eyelid. Although entropion is mostly due to age-related valve loosening, it can also be due to scars called scars or congenital. The treatment is surgery.
Extraversion of the Lids (Ektropin): Ectorpion occurs in the lower eyelid. Although ectropion is mostly caused by age-related lid relaxation, the treatment of scars (cicatricial), facial nerve palsy, and lower lid ectropion is surgery.
Chalazion: The ends of the sebaceous glands on the eyelids are the pores at the bottom of the eyelashes. Swelling and inflammation occur in the sebaceous gland behind as a result of the clogging of these pores due to lubrication, make-up and infection. The transformation of this into a cyst over time is called a ‘chalazion’. But if it is not treated on time and adequately, the body surrounds the inflammatory tissue with a cyst over time. This may need to be drained surgically and the cyst removed.
Fat Plaque on the Eyelid (Xanthelasma): Xanthelasma is a fatty cholesterol plaque that is usually seen in women. It occurs in the inner parts of the lower and upper eyelids. In xanthelasma seen at a young age, high cholesterol should be suspected. The treatment is surgery.
Eyelid Masses: Masses that develop on the lids can be benign or malignant. The treatment of such masses is often surgical. The removed mass should be sent for pathology examination.
Tear Duct Obstruction: The tear fluid that moistens the eye moves through the small ducts in the inner part of the eye towards the nose. The disease occurs as a result of obstruction of this duct, mostly in the lower part of the lacrimal sac.
Symptoms of tear duct obstruction and infection;
* Frequent burrs in the eye
* Inflammation of the eye by pressing on the root of the nose
* Swelling at the root of the nose
Eye Prosthesis: Eye prostheses are used when the eye is surgically removed as a result of accidents or diseases. These prostheses do not provide vision, but provide a good aesthetic appearance.
Eye Health and Diseases Specialist