Catharsis Idea in Psychotherapy
Catharsis It means emotional discharge or psychological purification. It is also frequently used in the sense of discharge. Catharsis, which is a method in psychotherapy, is realized by bringing to light the emotions accumulated inside. It is aimed to bring to light the emotions, worries and traumas that are thrown in and cannot be confronted, and the emotions pushed to the unconscious (subconscious) and to eliminate them by confronting them.
For a very long time, there was a consensus in the psychotherapy community that all healings would be made in this direction with the catharsis method. The main idea was that by revealing and re-experiencing the traumatic story in the past, these traumatic stories were tried to be “purified”. By returning to traumatic events with their clients, psychotherapists tried to relive the traumatic events in an intellectual and emotional sense. In this way, the client was tried to be “liberated”. This idea is found in the daily session practices of many psychotherapists today. However, this practice creates a new trauma by re-living the trauma memories and experiences of the clients in the sessions (Retraumatisierung). Creating the same trauma in trauma therapy worsens the client’s mood.
Instead of catharsis, some psychotherapists use the opposite method of locking. To understand the locking method, let’s assume that it is a steel safe and that we consciously lock all the traumatic parts (traumatic ego states) there. We can achieve certain success with this method of working by locking traumatic contents into the safe. However, applying this method with dissociated particles (dissociated ego states) is doomed to failure. Because dissociated parts want to be noticed and taken seriously instead of being locked in a place. Most of the time, they have the potential to produce serious symptoms when they are not taken into account. Many symptoms originate from these unnoticed parts, namely ego states.
In emotionally important situations, all brain regions are known to network with one another. In this case, all emotional, physical and cognitive sensations that occur together form a web of experience and turn into a pattern.
Experiences of trauma are first recorded in the body (body language, body reaction patterns, and body postures). Often, activating just one element of this trauma network is sufficient to activate the entire web. If re-traumatization is happening repeatedly, a permanent solution must be found. This may initially be through suppression or dissociation. (A dissociative Ego State emerges in the inner world.) Depending on which network or pattern is activated at that moment, the person enters different ego states.
This is both a danger and an opportunity. Re-traumatization can occur if trauma networks are activated in an uncontrolled manner. But when a trauma network is activated and reconstructed, then “corrective experience” (corrective experiencing) takes place.
Catharsis and trauma lock-in studies only work so far. Instead, it is very important to apply the “corrective experience” method in trauma therapy.
Re-living this situation with all sensorimotor, emotional and cognitive experiences by reviving a trauma memory, that is, acting only with the idea of catharsis, does not serve any purpose other than re-experiencing this trauma and re-traumatizing the client. This only serves to further strengthen the trauma network.
Ego State Therapy Institute Turkey
Ego state therapy studies in Turkey are carried out by Abdullah ÖZER, the founder of “John Watkins Ego State Therapy Institute Turkey®”. EGO-STATE-THERAPIE DEUTSCHLAND (EST-DE) “Germany Ego State Therapy” training program is implemented in Ego State Therapy training. John Watkins Ego State Therapy Institute Turkey®(REGISTER NO 2021 067362 TURKISH PATENT AND TRADEMARK INSTITUTION) was established in Izmir in 2021. Abdullah ÖZER received his Ego State Therapy training in Germany and is an Ego State Therapist accredited by the Ego State Therapy Association of Germany. Abdullah ÖZER is also an internationally approved Ego State Therapist accredited by Ego State Therapy International (ESTI). Abdullah ÖZER is the first and only accredited Ego State Therapist representing Turkey both in Germany and in the international arena. He gives Ego State Therapy trainings as a trainer at the Ego State Therapy Institute, of which he is the Founding President.
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Social Worker, Scientist (Clinical Psychology)
Schools of Psychotherapy that he has been trained in:
- Focusing (DFI)
- Positive Psychotherapy (WAPP)
- Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (CSU)
- Ego State Therapy (EST-DE/ESTI)
- Ericksonian Psychotherapy (MEG-DE)
- Logotherapy and Existential Analysis (VFI-Wien)